J Korean Acad Psychiatr Ment Health Nurs.  2014 Dec;23(4):226-232. 10.12934/jkpmhn.2014.23.4.226.

Korean Version of the 14-Item Resilience Scale (RS-14) for University Students: A Validity and Reliability Study

Affiliations
  • 1Red Cross College of Nursing, Chung-Ang University, Seoul, Korea. soojinyk@gmail.com

Abstract

PURPOSE
The purpose of this study was to verify the validity and reliability of a 14-item Resilience Scale (RS-14) by applying it to Korean university students.
METHODS
The original English version of the RS-14 was translated into Korean, and the Korean version of the RS-14 was confirmed with back-translation. This was a methodological study, and data were collected from 273 students. Principal components factor analysis and Pearson correlation coefficients were used to test validity; Cronbach's alpha coefficient was used to test reliability.
RESULTS
Factor analysis of 14 items revealed 2 factors with a total variance of 55.43%. The new scale correlated significantly with self-esteem (.48, p<.001) and depression (-.44, p<.001). Cronbach's coefficient was .905.
CONCLUSION
The results indicate good validity and reliability for the Korean version of the RS-14. Future studies will need to further test this scale by applying it to different study populations.

Keyword

Resilience; Validity; Reliability
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