J Korean Acad Psychiatr Ment Health Nurs.  2012 Jun;21(2):149-157.

Factors related to Happiness in First year Women Nursing Students

  • 1Seoul Women's College of Nursing, Seoul, Korea.
  • 2Department of Nursing, Chosun University, Gwangju, Korea. kyehakim@hanmail.net


The purpose of this study was to investigate factors related to happiness in first year women nursing students.
The sample consisted of 209 first year women nursing students in three colleges located in S and C cities. Data were collected during October and November 2011. The major variables for this study were depression, self-esteem, optimism, interpersonal relation, and happiness. Data were analyzed using descriptive analysis, independent t-test, one-way ANOVA, correlation coefficient, and multiple stepwise regression with SPSS/WIN 17.0.
There were significant differences in student happiness according to economic status, satisfaction with major, satisfaction with the present college, and health status. Happiness was significantly correlated with depression, self-esteem, optimism, and interpersonal relations. Self-esteem, optimism, interpersonal relations, and satisfaction with major were significant predictors of happiness for first year women nursing students and these four factors accounted for 71% of the variance in happiness.
Self-esteem, optimism, interpersonal relations, and satisfaction with major should be considered when addressing ways to increase happiness in first year women nursing students.


Happiness; Depression; Self-concept; Optimism; Interpersonal relations

MeSH Terms

Interpersonal Relations
Students, Nursing


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