J Korean Acad Nurs Adm.  2015 Mar;21(2):223-231. 10.11111/jkana.2015.21.2.223.

Organizational Culture and Organizational Support as Factors Affecting the Innovative Behaviors of General Hospital Nurses

  • 1Department of Nursing, Wonkwang University, Korea.
  • 2College of Nursing, CHA University, Korea.
  • 3Division of Nursing, Hallym University, Korea. kkh05@hallym.ac.kr


The aim of this study was to identify the effects of organizational culture and organizational support on the innovative behavior of general hospital nurses.
The participants in this study were 356 nurses, working in hospitals in Seoul, Gyeonggi and Gangwon Provinces, and Daejeon City. Data were collected from June to August, 2012. A structured questionnaire was used for data collection and data was analyzed using the SPSS/WIN program.
The organizational culture positively correlated with innovative behavior. The most significant predictors of innovative behavior were age, organizational support and hierarchy-oriented culture.
These findings suggest that nurses' organizational culture and organizational support were linked to innovative behavior. Management-level workers in these hospitals should have the skills and strategies to develop nurses' innovative behavior and increases nurses' recognition of organizational support to achieve high performance through innovation.


Organizational culture; Organizational support; Innovative behaviors; Nurses

MeSH Terms

Data Collection
Hospitals, General*
Organizational Culture*
Surveys and Questionnaires


1. Kang KH, Ko YK. Change commitment and learning orientation as factors affecting the innovativeness of clinical nurses. J Korean Acad Nurs Adm. 2013; 19(3):404–413. DOI: 10.11111/jkana.2013.19.3.404.
2. Lee MS, Kang YS. Relationship between creativity and innovative behavior: Moderating effects of organizational situations. J Organ Manage. 2003; 27(1):251–271.
3. Janssen O. Innovative behavior and job involvement at the price of conflict and less satisfactory relations with co-workers. J Occup Organ Psychol. 2003; 76(3):347–364. DOI: 10.1348/096317903769647210.
4. Moon GW, Choi SB, Moon JS. Effects of leadership style and features of organizational culture on innovative behavior. J Ind Econo Bus. 2009; 22(6):3289–3320.
5. Jeon JM. Determinats of employee's innovative behavior. [master's thesis]. Daegu: Kyungbuk National University;2007.
6. Seol HS. The relationship sociopolitical support, perceived organizational support, and innovative behavior at the process of organizational innovation. J Organ Manage. 2006; 30(3):60–82.
7. Moon IO. The effect of knowledge sharing on innovative behavior and organizational commitment in clinical nurses. J Korean Acad Nurs Adm. 2005; 11(2):1–11.
8. Eisenberger R, Huntington R, Hutchison S, Sowa D. Perceived organizational support. J Appl Psychol. 1986; 71:500–507.
9. Eisenberger R, Cummnings J, Armeli S, Lynch P. Perceived organizational support, discretionary treatment, and job satisfaction. J Appl Psychol. 1997; 82:812–820. DOI: 10.1037/0021-9010.82.5.812.
10. Lee SJ, Jang KS. The effects of action learning on nurses' problem solving, communication, emotional creativity and innovation behavior. Korean J Health Serv Manage. 2014; 8(2):73–87. DOI: 10.12811/kshsm.2014.8.2.073.
11. Scott SG, Bruce RA. Determinants of innovative behavior: A path model of individual innovation in the workplace. Acad Manage J. 1994; 37:580–607. DOI: 10.2307/256701.
12. Faul F, Erdfelder E, Buchner A, Lang AG. Statistical power analyses using G*Power 3.1: Tests for correlation and regression analyses. Behav Res Methods. 2009; 41:1149–1160. DOI: 10.3758/BRM.41.4.1149.
13. Han SJ. A study on the relationship between nursing organization culture and organizational performance. J Korean Acad Nurs Adm. 2002; 8(3):441–456.
14. Wayne SJ, Shore LM, Liden RC. Perceived organizational support and leader-member exchange: A social exchange perspective. Acad Manage J. 1997; 40(1):82–111.
15. Janssen O. Job demand, perceptions of effort-reward fairness and innovative work behaviour. J Occup Organ Psychol. 2000; 73:287–302. DOI: 10.1348/096317900167038.
16. Choi S, Jang I, Park S, Lee H. Effects of organizational culture, self-leadership and empowerment on job satisfaction and turnover intention in general hospital nurses. J Korean Acad Nurs Adm. 2014; 20(2):206–214. DOI: 10.11111/jkana.2014.20.2.206.
17. Kim KN. The effect nursing organizational culture and happiness Index on turnover intention among nurses. Korean J Health Serv Manage. 2014; 8(2):61–72. DOI: 10.12811/kshsm.2014.8.2.061.
18. Ahn SY. The effect of perceived organization support on hospital employees attitude. J Korea Acad Ind Coop Soc. 2010; 11:1115–1125. http://ocean.kisti.re.kr/downfile/volume/kivt/SHGSCZ/2010/v11n3/SHGSCZ_2010_v11n3_1115.pdf.
19. Choi HJ, Ji JH, Park YS. The influence of job stress on job attitude and moderating effects of organizational support among hospital nurses. Korean J Health Serv Manage. 2012; 6(3):141–155.
20. Lee K. The influence of organizational justice on organizational commitment & moderating effect of organizational support among hospital nurse [master's thesis]. Gimhae: Inje University;2010.
21. Han YJ, Lee SG, Kwon HJ. Influence of organizational culture type and job satisfaction on nurses’ innovation behavior in a university hospital. Korean J Hosp Manage. 2010; 15(4):63–77.
22. Kim JI. The influence of the entrepreneurship and organizational culture on the innovative behaviors of organizational members. [master's thesis]. Seoul: Chung-Ang University;2010.
23. Tushman ML, O'Reilly CA III. Winning through innovation. A practical guide to leading organizational change and renewal. Boston: Havard Business School Press;1997.
24. Dellana SA, Hauser RD. Corporate cultures impact on a strategic approach to quality. Mid Am J Bus. 2000; 15(1):9–20.
25. Lee JW, Kim JW, KIm IC. Psychological empowerment, organizational supports, and innovative work behavior of general hospital employees. Korean J Health Policy Adm. 2003; 13(1):46–68. DOI: 10.4332/KJHPA.2003.13.1.046.
Full Text Links
export Copy
  • Twitter
  • Facebook
Similar articles
Copyright © 2024 by Korean Association of Medical Journal Editors. All rights reserved.     E-mail: koreamed@kamje.or.kr