J Korean Acad Nurs Adm.  2013 Sep;19(4):525-535.

Effects of Resilience on Work Engagement and Burnout of Clinical Nurses

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Nursing, Wonkwang Health Science University, Korea.
  • 2College of Nursing, Chonbuk National University, Korea. psk68309@naver.com

Abstract

PURPOSE
The purpose of this study was to analyze factors affecting work engagement and burnout among clinical nurses according to resilience.
METHODS
The study design was a descriptive survey and questionnaires were collected from 182 clinical nurses who worked in hospitals in "J" province. Data were analyzed using frequency, percentage, mean, standard deviation, independent t-test, one-way ANOVA, Scheffe test, Pearson correlation, and hierarchical multiple regressions.
RESULTS
The mean score of resilience, work engagement, burnout were 3.47+/-0.38, 4.29+/-0.98, 2.25+/-0.82 respectively. Resilience had 26.3% of the influence on work engagement and 50.5% of the influence on burnout. Sub-variables of causal analysis and empathy of resilience were statistically useful as factors influencing burnout.
CONCLUSION
Resilience has been identified as a factor affecting work engagement and burnout. Therefore, nursing departments and nurse managers should strive to develop programs for the promotion of resilience.

Keyword

Resilience; Work engagement; Burnout; Clinical nurse
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