Tuberc Respir Dis.  2011 Jan;70(1):10-20.

Pictorial Review of Diffuse Central Airway Diseases: Focus on CT Findings

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Radiology, Soonchunhyang University Seoul Hospital, Soonchunhyang University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea. jhhwang@schmc.ac.kr

Abstract

Various diseases can diffusely involve central airways, including the trachea and main stem bronchi. Central airway abnormalities are frequently not apparent or are overlooked on chest radiographs, even though the patient may have significant symptoms. Recent advances in spiral and multi-detector computed tomography (CT) with multi-planar reconstruction and three-dimensional demonstration, including virtual bronchoscopy, allow for excellent display of central airway anatomy and abnormalities with visualization of accurate locations of lesions. Early detection and proper diagnosis of airway diseases based on various radiographic findings will help determine appropriate treatment, including surgical planning and evaluation of treatment response. Herein we describe and illustrate the imaging findings of a wide spectra of diffuse central airway diseases.

Keyword

Diseases; Trachea; Bronchi; Tomography, X-Ray Computed; Imaging, Three-Dimensional

MeSH Terms

Bronchi
Bronchoscopy
Humans
Imaging, Three-Dimensional
Thorax
Tomography, X-Ray Computed
Trachea
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