Korean J Women Health Nurs.  2015 Dec;21(4):297-307. 10.4069/kjwhn.2015.21.4.297.

Phenomenological Study on Burnout Experience of Clinical Nurses Who have Turnover Intention

  • 1School of Nursing, Soonchunhyang University, Cheonan, Korea. park0200@hanmail.net
  • 2School of Nursing, Ulsan University, Ulsan, Korea.
  • 3Department of Nursing, Munkyung College, Mungyeong, Korea.


This study was aimed to understand the meaning and essentials of the experience of burnout for hospital nurses with turnover intention.
The design was a qualitative research of phenomenological study. Participants: Seven hospital nurses who had worked over three years and had experiences of turnover intention in a hospital with over 400 beds were included.
Nine meaningful themes related to burnout experiences and four theme clusters of 1) battery warning sounds almost out; 2) the player who hit the drum and double-headed drum; 3) the target flying arrow without a break; and 4) the pendulum swaying to turn over. Registered nurses (RNs) felt burnout with an overload of work and by the thought that it was illegal action for registered nurses to receive insufficient rewards for their work. RNs also experienced there were no problem solving strategies to verbal violence by patient and medical team.
The findings show that burnout experiences for those who had turnover intention was developed from the insight that insufficient training to do work independently with over-load for nurses was not ethical. It suggests that it is necessary to rethink training systems for nursing and hospitals to relieve turnover intention.


Turnover; Burnout; Nurse; Qualitative research

MeSH Terms

Problem Solving
Qualitative Research

Cited by  2 articles

Work Experiences of Delivery Room Nurses: A Phenomenological Study
Yunjung Lee
Korean J Women Health Nurs. 2017;23(2):78-88.    doi: 10.4069/kjwhn.2017.23.2.78.

Experience of Job Stress among Nurses Working in Long-term Care Hospital: A Phenomenological Approach
Hui Jin Kim, Hye Young Kim
Korean J Adult Nurs. 2016;28(5):572-584.    doi: 10.7469/kjan.2016.28.5.572.


1. Korean Nurses Association. The way to be a nurse [Internet]. Seoul: Korean Nurses Association;2014. cited 2015 August 31. Available from: http://www.koreanurse.or.kr/resources/be_nurse.php.
2. Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development. OECD health statistics 2014 [internet]. Paris: Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development;2014. cited 2015 March 4. Available from: http://www.oecd.org/els/health-systems/oecd-health-statistics-2014-frequently-requested-data.htm.
3. Park DJ, Chun MH, Soo GS. Impact of workplace stress and occupational burnout on turnover intention of hospital employees: Comparing two groups. Korean J Bus Adm. 2013; 26(9):2501–2521.
4. Han YH, Sohn IS, Park KO, Kang KH. The relationships between professionalism, job involvement, organizational commitment and turnover intention among clinical nurses. J Korean Clin Nurs Res. 2010; 16(2):17–31.
5. Na YM, Jung JS. 2013 Health care workers Survey [Internet]. Seoul: Korean Health and Medical Worker's Union;2013. cited 2014 March 5. Available from: http://bogun.nodong.org/xe/index.php?document_srl=264468&mid=khmwu_5_4.
6. Kim SM, Roh YJ, Kim JI, Park JS. A study on creating healthcare jobs and improving the quality of work. Seoul: Family Harmony Strategic Institute;2010. p. 70.
7. Kim E, KIM J. Literature review of structural equation models for hospital nurse's turnover intention in Korea. Perspect Nurs Sci. 2014; 11(2):109–122.
8. Shader K, Broome ME, Broome CD, West ME, Nash M. Factors influencing satisfaction and anticipated turnover for nurses in an academic medical center. J Nurs Adm. 2001; 31(4):210–216.
9. Kim MR, Seomun GA. Relationships among burnout, job satisfaction, organizational commitment and turnover intention to resign in hospital nurses. Korean J Occup Health Nurs. 2013; 22(2):93–101.
10. Im SB, Cho MK, Heo ML. Factors to affect turnover intention of nurse: Focusing on personal, situational and interpersonal relation variables. Korean J Occup Health Nurs. 2013; 22(4):314–323.
11. Kim MJ, Park SA. Experiences of hospital nurse's turnover: Determinants of factors affecting turnover intention. J Mil Nurs Res. 2010; 28(1):56–69.
12. Kang MJ, Lee HJ. A phenomenological study on nurses experiences of turnover. J Korean Acad Nurs Adm. 2003; 9(3):305–314.
13. Lee YJ, Kim KB. Experiences of nurse turnover. J Korean Acad Nurs. 2008; 38(2):248–257.
14. Colaizzi PF. Psychological research as the phenomenologist views. In : Valle RS, King M, editors. Existential-phenomenological alternatives for psychology. New York: Oxford University Press;1978. p. 48–71.
15. Kim YM, Park SA. A study on the turnover intention and the turnover behavior of nurses. Seoul J Nurs. 1995; 9(1):47–67.
16. Guba EG, Lincoln YS. Effective evaluation. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass Publishers;1981.
17. Hong KP. Analytic study on burnout in relation with personal and job related characteristics and social support [Dissertation]. Seoul: Yonsei University;1984.
18. Lee SY, Oh EJ, Sung KM. The experiences of turnover intension in early stage nurses. J East West Nurs Res. 2013; 19(2):168–176.
19. Liu K, You LM, Chen SX, Hao YT, Zhu XW, Zhang LF, et al. The relationship between hospital work environment and nurse outcomes in Guangdong, China: A nurse questionnaire survey. J Clin Nurs. 2012; 21(9-10):1476–1485.
20. Kim JA. A study on the attitude of clinical nurses toward hospital reward system. J Nurs Sci. 1997; 9(1):15–36.
21. Kim KB, Sok SH. A study of job satisfaction of the nurses in a university hospital. J East West Nurs Res. 2006; 12(1):14–24.
22. Aiken LH, Clarke SP, Sloane DM, Sochalski JA, Busse R, Clarke H, et al. Nurse's reports on hospital care in five countries. Health Aff (Millwood). 2001; 20(3):43–53.
23. Shin MY. Violence, burnout and turnover intention of the nurses' in a general hospital [master's thesis]. Seoul: Hanyang University;2011. 30–55.
24. Hayes B, Bonner A. Job satisfaction, stress and burnout associated with haemodialysis nursing: A review of the literature. J Ren Care. 2010; 36(4):174–179.
25. Moon SJ, Han SS. A predictive model on turnover intention of nurses in Korea. J Korean Acad Nurs. 2011; 41(5):633–641.
26. Wikipedia. Burnout [Internet]. St. Petersburg (FL): Wikimedia Foundation, Inc;2001. cited 2014 October 23. Available from: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Burnout_(psychology).
27. Maslach C, Schaufeli WB, Leiter MP. Job burnout. Annu Rev Psychol. 2001; 52:397–422.
Full Text Links
export Copy
  • Twitter
  • Facebook
Similar articles
Copyright © 2022 by Korean Association of Medical Journal Editors. All rights reserved.     E-mail: koreamed@kamje.or.kr