Korean J Adult Nurs.  2013 Aug;25(4):464-472.

Aging Anxiety and Related Factors of Middle-Aged Adults

  • 1College of Nursing, Kyungpook National University, Daegue, Korea.
  • 2Department of Nursing, Kaya University, Gimhae, Korea. daunhj@hanmail.net


The purpose of this study was to identify aging anxiety and influencing factors of middle-aged adults.
Descriptive correlation design was used. Three hundred and three middle-aged adults participated in the study and completed the questionnaires in the period from September 11 to October 15 of 2011. The data was analyzed using independent t-test, one-way ANOVA, Scheffe test, Pearson correlation coefficients, and hierarchial multiple regression analysis.
Aging anxiety of middle-aged adults was higher than a moderate level. Socio-demographic variables such as age, religion, education, economic level, perceived health status and experience of living with older adults influenced significantly on aging anxiety. In contrast, general self-efficacy, aging knowledge and attitude toward older adults were negatively correlated with aging anxiety. Hierarchial multiple regression analysis incorporating these variables showed an explanation rate of aging anxiety at 21%. And religion, perceived health status, attitude toward older adults, and general self-efficacy were statistically significant among variables that influence on aging anxiety.
The findings of this study suggest that senior preparation programs that can enhance self-efficacy, induce positive attitude on older adults and promote health should be implemented to reduce aging anxiety of middle-aged adults.

MeSH Terms

Surveys and Questionnaires


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