Korean J Adult Nurs.  2014 Oct;26(5):584-591. 10.7475/kjan.2014.26.5.584.

Effects of Family Support, Ageism Experience, Loneliness and Powerlessness on Death Anxiety in Elders

Affiliations
  • 1College of Nursing Science, Kyunghee University, Seoul, Korea.
  • 2Hallym University, Kangnang Sacred Heart Hospital, Seoul, Korea. 042183@hanmail.net

Abstract

PURPOSE
The aim of this study was to explore the factors contributing to death anxiety among elders through family support, ageism experience, loneliness and helplessness.
METHODS
The participants were 155 elders who lived in S city. The data were collected through a self-reported questionnaire in elders over age 65. In addition, their levels of death anxiety, family support, ageism experience, loneliness, helplessness and death anxiety were measured using a likert scale Data analysis using a t-test, one-way ANOVA, Pearson correlation and multiple regression analysis with the SPSS 20 program.
RESULTS
Significant differences were found in the levels of perceived death anxiety between the variables affecting death anxiety in elders. Pearson's Correlation were found family support (p<.001), ageism experience (p<.001), loneliness (p<.001) and helplessness (p<.001) with death anxiety.
CONCLUSION
It is concluded that such variables should be considered for decreasing death anxiety by family support, ageism experience, loneliness and helplessness in elders.

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