J Korean Acad Nurs.  2002 Apr;32(2):265-276.

A Meta-Analysis of the Effects of Imagery

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Nursing, Dongguk University, Korea.
  • 2Department of Nursing, Pochon Cha College of Medicine, Korea.

Abstract

PURPOSE
This study was to identify the trends and contents of imagery interventions and to evaluate the effects of imagery interventions by using meta-analysis. METHOD: The materials used for this study were 15 imagery intervention studies carried out from Jan. 1995 to Dec. 2001. The studies were analyzed and evaluated in different categories: 1) types of dependent variables 2) types of imagery 3) interval of imagery 4) total duration of imagery 5) sample characteristics 6) intervention method. RESULT: 1) Behavioral imagery was more prevalent than dynamic imagery. There were wide variations in duration, and interval of interventions. Imagery intervention had moderate effects on psychological variables (state of anxiety, depression & and stress etc.) and had moderate to large effects on physiological variable(pulse rate, cortisol etc.). Behavioral imagery had larger effects than dynamic imagery. Imagery applied to the public had larger effect on decreasing the state of anxiety and stress than applied to the patients. But imagery applied to the patients had a larger effect on decreasing depression than applied to the public. The imagery intervention method by using the individual approach had greater effect than group approach method.
CONCLUSION
These results of this study will be used to guide the development of imagery interventions to nursing practice. Also, various types of imagery interventions need to be developed based on the characteristics of nursing practice.

Keyword

Imagery; Meta-analysis

MeSH Terms

Anxiety
Depression
Humans
Hydrocortisone
Clinical Trial
Nursing
Hydrocortisone
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