J Korean Acad Nurs.  2001 Dec;31(7):1166-1173.

Comparison of the Home Care System for the Elderly in Japan and Korea: Towards an Advanced Home Care System

  • 1Department of Women's Health Nursing, School of Nursing, College of Medicine, Soonchunhyang University, Korea. jeungim@sch.ac.kr
  • 2Department of Community Health Nursing, Graduate School of Medicine, The University of Tokyo, Japan.


The purpose of this study is to provide the directions for the further development of the home care services in Korea, through comparison of the home care system and visiting nursing activities for the elderly in Japan and with those of Korea. The results of this study were summarised as follows: The major difference between the two countries was that Japan emphasised the development of home services by visiting nurse service stations (VNSS), especially in the community. In contrast, Korea has emphasised providing hospital based home care services and assuring the quality of services through the preparation of home care nurses before beginning services. And many elderly in Korea have used a public health center when they have health problems. According to the result, the establishment of a VNSS system and activation of a public health center in the community must be considered as the direction to advance home care systems for the elderly.


Home care; Elderly; Korea; Japan

MeSH Terms

Home Care Services*
Home Care Services, Hospital-Based
Nurses, Community Health
Public Health
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