J Korean Acad Fundam Nurs.  2012 Nov;19(4):511-518.

Analysis of Family Function, Self-Efficacy and Self-Leadership in Adolescents

  • 1Department of Nursing Science, Ewha Womans University, Korea.
  • 2Department of Nursing, Tongmyong University, Korea. jiwonoak@gmail.com


This study was done to identify the relationship of family function, self-efficacy and self-leadership, and to identify factors affecting self-leadership in adolescents. METHOD: Sampling was done using a convenience sampling method and 779 adolescents were recruited between June 4 and 15, 2012. Data were collected using self-report questionnaires which included general characteristics, family function, self-efficacy and self-leadership. Data were analyzed using descriptive, t-test, one way ANOVA, Scheffe test, Pearson correlation coefficient, and stepwise regression analysis with SPSS/WIN 19.0.
The major findings of this study were as follow; 1) There were significant relationships between self-leadership and family function (r=.36, p<.001), and self-efficacy (r=.51, p<.001). 2) Self-leadership was significantly associated with self-efficacy (beta=.42, p<.001), family function (beta=.20, p<.001), satisfactory relationships with teachers (beta=.12, p<.001), experience as a leader (beta=.10, p=.001), higher school records (beta=.17, p<.001), and medium school records (beta=.11, p=.001). These variables explained 40.4% of variance in adolescents' self-leadership.
The results of this study indicate that there is a relationship between family function, self-efficacy and self-leadership in adolescents and that in developing intervention programs to promote self-leadership, in adolescents, these variables should be considered.


Adolescent; Family Relations; Self Efficacy; Leadership
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