J Korean Acad Fundam Nurs.  1998 Mar;5(1):65-79.

Effect of the Structured Education for Knowledge of Hepatitis B Type and Self Care Behavior in Chronic Hepatitis B Patients

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Nursing, Ulsan University Hospital.

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to identify the effect of structured patient education on knowledge of Hepatitis B type and behavior about self care in chronic hepatitis B patients, and to fine the strategy to promote their self care behavior. The research design was quasi-experiment research. The study method had been done by investigating the experimental group and control group through the questionnaire on 50 patients who had been out patient medicine department in University hospital in Ulsan from september 1st 1997 to the end of October, 1997. The analysis of the collected material had been done for the homogeneity test in which general characteries of experimental group and control group had been tested by x2-test and the homogeneity test of the knowledge of hepatitis B type and self care behavior before by t-test. To test the hypothesis the t-test had been given for the difference of the knowledge of hepatitis B type and self care behavior between the two groups and the correlation between knowledge of hepatitis B type and self care behavior performance had been tested by Pearson's correlation coefficient. The results as follows : 1. The 1st hypothesis "The experimental group which received the structured education should be higher in the knowledge of hepatitis B type than the control group"was supported(t=-6.25, P=.000). 2. The 2nd hypothesis "The experimental group which received the structured education should be higher in the self care behavior performance than the control group" was supported(r=-5.15, P=.000). 3. The 3rd hypothesis "The higher the knowledge of hepatitis B type in the patient the higher the self care behavior performance degree" was supported(r=.492, P=.001) In conclusion, the patients who received the structured education showed the increase in the degree of knowledge of hepatitis B type and self care behavior performance. so the structured education had been judged the nursing intervention had been prerequisite in increasing knowledge of hepatitis B type and self care behavior performance of the chronic hepatitis B patients.

Keyword

Structured Patient Education; Chronic Hepatitis B Patients; Self Care Behavior; Knowledge of Hepatitis B Type

MeSH Terms

Education*
Hepatitis B*
Hepatitis B, Chronic*
Hepatitis*
Hepatitis, Chronic*
Humans
Nursing
Patient Education as Topic
Surveys and Questionnaires
Research Design
Self Care*
Ulsan
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