J Korean Acad Community Health Nurs.  2014 Sep;25(3):187-197. 10.12799/jkachn.2014.25.3.187.

DACUM Job Analysis on Elementary Health Teachers' Roles

Affiliations
  • 1Silang Elementary School, Ansan, Korea.
  • 2Department of Education, Chung-Ang University, Seoul, Korea. hsong@cau.ac.kr

Abstract

PURPOSE
The aim of this study was to identify the roles, duties and tasks of elementary health teachers. Required knowledge, skills, and worker behaviors were also examined.
METHODS
Elementary health teachers' jobs were analyzed by DACUM workshop. First, the health teachers' roles and related jobs were described, and then the jobs were divided into duties and subordinate tasks. The identified roles, duties and tasks were reviewed and refined, and then were organized in a DACUM chart. DACUM committee members discussed not only general knowledge, skills and work behaviors but also future trends and concerns.
RESULTS
The DACUM chart for elementary health teachers consisted of 8 duties and 52 tasks. Required knowledge, skills and worker behaviors were also listed.
CONCLUSION
Elementary health teachers play roles as health manager, health care provider, and teacher in school. Their roles, duties and tasks are being changed. Thus, their jobs need to be redefined legally, politically, and institutionally.

Keyword

Task performance and analysis; Job description; School health
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