J Korean Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry.  2014 Jun;25(2):73-81. 10.5765/jkacap.2014.25.2.73.

Use of Various Treatment Modalities for Autism Spectrum Disorder and Mental Retardation

  • 1Department of Psychiatry, College of Medicine, Dankook University, Cheonan, Korea.
  • 2The Environmental Health Center, Dankook Medical Center, Cheonan, Cheonan, Korea. paperose@dku.edu
  • 3Department of Psychiatry, Cheju Halla Hospital, Jeju, Korea.
  • 4Good Morning Hospital, Seosan, Korea.
  • 5Department of Psychology, College of Public Service, Dankook University, Cheonan, Korea.


The purpose of this study was to investigate the use of various treatment modalities including pharmacotherapy, education-behavior therapy, and complementary alternative treatment for children with mental retardation (MR) or autism spectrum disorder (ASD) in Korea.
The sample consisted of 50 parents who have children with MR (N=28) or ASD (N=22), 38 boys, 12 girls ; mean age 14.06 (4.14) years old. A questionnaire was composed of the experienced modality, duration, cost, satisfaction etc.
According to the results, 56.0%, 100.0%, and 36.0% of children with MR or ASD have experienced pharmacological treatment, educational-behavioral therapy and complementary alternative medicine (CAM), respectively. Children who experienced education-behavioral therapy and CAM experienced 3.52 kinds of education-behavioral therapy and 2.78 kinds of CAM, respectively. Monthly cost of pharmacological treatment was lowest among three modality categories. Regarding treatment satisfaction by parental report, the lowest score was recorded fir CAM.
Parents who have a child with MR or ASD are trying many treatment modalities and feeling the burden of their treatment.


Mental Retardation; Autism Spectrum Disorder; Pharmacological Therapy; Educational Behavioral Therapy; Complementary Alternative Medicine
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