Korean J Orthod.  1997 Feb;27(1):119-127.

A cephalometric study on correlation between mandibular symphysis and craniofacial skeleton

  • 1Department of Orthodontics, College of Dentistry, Kyung Hee University, Korea.


The configuration of mandibular symphysis is likely to be dependent upon the genetic predeterminants and/or compensatory adjustments onto functional demands. The interrelation of morphological distinctives of symphysis in conjunction to the craniofacial skeleton had been scarcely anecdotal, therefore, the objective was to determine the correlation of morphological modifications between the mandibular symphysis and craniofacial complex. Lateral cephalometric headfilms of 212 subjects were employed for the conventional measurements. The proportion of chin height against chin depth length was referred as chin ratio, then, Low Symphysis (IS) and High Symphysis (HS) groups were turned out by means of the chin ratio. These samples yielded 35 in LS and 35 in HS groups. The data per capita were statistically analyzed and the following results were drawn ; 1. Overall characteristics of the craniofacial skeleton in HS group manifested hyperdivergence and LS group showed hypodivergence. 2. Gonial angle increased as chin ratio increased and was highly correlated to the chin ratio. 3. The chin ratio presented high correlation to the vertical face height, especially in terms of the chin height to anterior face height and the chin depth to posterior face height. 4. The morphological configuration of chin was hardly correlated with hyoid bone position.


Chin ratio; Vertical facial height; Craniofacial skeleton

MeSH Terms

Hyoid Bone
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