Korean J Occup Health Nurs.  2015 May;24(2):86-93. 10.5807/kjohn.2015.24.2.86.

Influencing Factors on Turnover Intention of Nurses in Emergency Department

Affiliations
  • 1Busan National University Hospital, Busan, Korea.
  • 2Department of Nursing, Inje University, Busan, Korea. nursmh@inje.ac.kr
  • 3Institute for Health Sciences Research Inje University, Busan, Korea.

Abstract

PURPOSE
This study was to identify the factors determining the turnover intention of nurses in Emergency Department (ED).
METHODS
The subjects were 123 ED nurses working at 10 general hospitals in Busan, Korea. The data were collected from August 15th to September 22nd, 2013. The collected data were analyzed using the SPSS program through descriptive statistics, t-test, ANOVA, Pearson's correlation coefficients and stepwise multiple regression.
RESULTS
There were positive correlations between traumatic events experience and post-traumatic stress (r=.416, p<.001), between depression and traumatic events experience (r=.212, p=.001), between traumatic events experience and turnover intention (r=.289, p=.001), between post-traumatic stress and depression (r=.251, p=.005), and also between depression and turnover intention (r=.315, p<.001). Factors influencing turnover intention were depression and traumatic events experience with R2 value 16.7%.
CONCLUSION
Considering these results, it seems that the important factors determining the turnover intention of nurses in ED are depression and traumatic events experienced by nurses. Therefore, an active plan is needed to develop strategies for reducing nurses' depression and traumatic events experienced by nurses.

Keyword

Emergency department nurse; Traumatic events experienced; Post-traumatic stress; Depression; Turnover intention
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