Korean J Occup Health Nurs.  2014 May;23(2):80-88.

Effects of Traumatic Events, Compassion Fatigue, Self-esteem, and Compassion Satisfaction on Burnout of Nurses in Emergency Department (ED)

Affiliations
  • 1Busan St. Marys Hospital, Busan, Korea.
  • 2Institute for Health Science, Department of Nursing, Inje University, Busan, Korea. nursmh@inje.ac.kr

Abstract

PURPOSE
The purpose of this study is to verify the factors that determines burnout of nurses in emergency department.
METHODS
The survey was given to 170 ED nurses which are located in Busan from July 1st to August 31st of 2012. The results were analyzed by descriptive statistics, t-test, ANOVA, pearson correlation coefficients and stepwise multiple regression using SAS 9.2 program.
RESULTS
There were statistically significant differences in burnout depending on gender, position, workplace satisfaction, job satisfaction. Significant positive correlation between compassion fatigue and burnout was found. Also significant negative correlation was found between self-esteem, compassion satisfaction and burnout. Factors influencing burnout were self-esteem, compassion satisfaction and compassion fatigue with R2 value 58.0%.
CONCLUSION
Considering these results, it seems that great efforts will be needed for reducing burnout by mitigating the emergency nurses' compassion fatigue and introducing programs to increase the self-esteem and compassion satisfaction.

Keyword

Compassion; Fatigue; Self-concept; Satisfaction; Burnout

MeSH Terms

Busan
Emergencies
Emergency Service, Hospital*
Empathy*
Fatigue*
Job Satisfaction
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