Asian Oncol Nurs.  2012 Feb;12(1):61-68. 10.5388/aon.2012.12.1.61.

The Effect of Symptom Experience and Resilience on Quality of Life in Patients with Colorectal Cancers

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Nursing, Chung-Ang University, Seoul, Korea.
  • 2Department of Nursing, Jinju Health College, Jinju, Korea.
  • 3Research Institute of Nursing Science, Chung-Ang University, Seoul, Korea. leejoohyun@hanmail.net

Abstract

PURPOSE
This study aimed to investigate the influence of resilience and symptom experience on quality of life.
METHODS
Seventy five patients in an active treatment stage were recruited from 2 hospitals between October and December 2010. A survey including perceived health status, physical functional status, the symptom experience index, resilience, and the functional assessment of cancer therapy-colorectal (FACT-C) was completed.
RESULTS
The level of FACT-C was 86.61 (+/-18.91), which was higher than for patients with colostomy, but lower than for patients in a rehabilitation stage. Participants without physical functional limitations showed higher level of both resilience and quality of life. Participants with bad health status showed a lower level of both resilience and quality of life and higher level of symptom experience. The quality of life was related to the level of resilience (beta=.373), symptom experience (beta=-.292), and perceived health status (beta=-3.961).
CONCLUSION
Proactive nursing approaches to manage symptoms and to improve perceived health status would enhance the quality of life of colorectal cancer patients. Furthermore, various strategies to strengthen the level of resilience should be developed.

Keyword

Colorectal Neoplasms; Psychological Resilience; Quality of Life; Symptoms

MeSH Terms

Colorectal Neoplasms
Colostomy
Humans
Quality of Life
Resilience, Psychological

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