Allergy Asthma Immunol Res.  2013 Jul;5(4):245-247. 10.4168/aair.2013.5.4.245.

A Case of Idiopathic Anaphylaxis Followed by Acute Liver Injury

Affiliations
  • 1Division of Allergy and Clinical Immunology, Department of Internal Medicine, Asan Medical Center, University of Ulsan College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea. allergy@medimail.co.kr

Abstract

Idiopathic anaphylaxis is characterized by recurrent anaphylaxis without a known trigger. The coexistence of acute liver injury with idiopathic anaphylaxis is rare, even in cases of severe anaphylaxis such as shock. An unusual case involving repeated episodes of anaphylactic shock accompanied by acute liver injury is described here. A 36-year-old woman who experienced anaphylaxis due to an unknown cause was referred to our hospital because of marked elevations in her liver enzyme levels. After a thorough evaluation to determine the cause of the acute liver injury, viral infection, drug use, and autoimmune hepatitis were excluded. The episodes were accompanied by elevated liver enzymes, which suggested that this was a case of anaphylaxis followed by acute liver injury. The patient will have to use self-injectable epinephrine to prevent future hepatic failure.

Keyword

Idiopathic anaphylaxis; acute liver injury
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