Korean J Hematol.  2011 Dec;46(4):229-238. 10.5045/kjh.2011.46.4.229.

Adenovirus as a new agent for multiple myeloma therapies: Opportunities and restrictions

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Pathology and Diagnostics, University of Verona Medical School, Verona, Italy. vladia.monsurro@univr.it
  • 2Azienda Ospedaliera Universitaria Integrata, Verona, Italy.

Abstract

Multiple myeloma is a malignancy of B-cells that is characterized by the clonal expansion and accumulation of malignant plasma cells in the bone marrow. This disease remains incurable, and a median survival of 3-5 years has been reported with the use of current treatments. Viral-based therapies offer promising alternatives or possible integration with current therapeutic regimens. Among several gene therapy vectors and oncolytic agents, adenovirus has emerged as a promising agent, and it is already being used for the treatment of solid tumors in humans. The main concern with the clinical use of this vector has been its high immunogenicity; adenovirus is often able to induce a strong immune response in the host. Furthermore, new limitations in the efficacy of this therapy, intrinsic to the nature of tumor cells, have been recently observed. For example, our group showed a strong antiviral phenotype in vitro and in vivo in a subset of tumors, shedding new insights that may explain the partial failure of clinical trials based on this promising new therapy. In this review, we describe novel therapeutic approaches that implement viral-based treatments in hematological malignancies and address the novelty as well as the possible limitations of these new therapies, especially in the context of the use of adenoviral vectors for treating multiple myeloma.

Keyword

Adenovirus; Oncolytic therapy; Multiple myeloma; Antiviral phenotype

MeSH Terms

Adenoviridae
B-Lymphocytes
Bone Marrow
Genetic Therapy
Hematologic Neoplasms
Humans
Multiple Myeloma
Phenotype
Plasma Cells
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