Korean J Hosp Palliat Care.  2012 Dec;15(4):193-204.

Predictive Factors for City Dwellers' Attitudes toward Death with Dignity

  • 1College of Nursing, Catholic University of Daegu, Daegu, Korea.
  • 2Department of Nursing, Cheongju University, Cheongju, Korea.
  • 3Department of Emergency Medicine, Catholic University of Daegu School of Medicine, Daegu, Korea.
  • 4Department of Nursing, Taegu Science University, Daegu, Korea. yakop1052@hanmail.net


This correlation study was performed to examine Korean adults' perceptions and attitudes towards death with dignity and the withdrawal of life sustaining treatment and to identify factors that predict their attitude towards death with dignity.
The study was conducted using convenience sampling of 291 adults from three towns of a metropolitan city in Korea. Data were collected using structured questionnaires which surveyed people's perception about and attitudes towards withdrawal of life sustaining treatment and scaled their attitude towards death with dignity. Data were analyzed by using descriptive statistics, Pearson correlation coefficients and multiple regression.
The attitude towards the withdrawal of life sustaining treatment and death with dignity showed a significant positive correlation (r=0.49, P<0.001). For attitudes towards death with dignity, significant predictors were attitudes towards the withdrawal of life sustaining treatment, age, religion, a proper withdrawal process and advanced medical directives, which explained 49.3% of total variance.
The results of this study may contribute to development of a new medical decision-making system including nurses' appropriate roles in the process of withdrawing life sustaining treatment and advanced medical directives.


Life support care; Right to die; Humanism
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