Korean J Crit Care Med.  2015 Aug;30(3):202-206. 10.4266/kjccm.2015.30.3.202.

Massive Hemoptysis due to Acute Mitral Regurgitation with Sporadic Primary Mitral Valve Prolapse

Affiliations
  • 1Division of Pulmonology and Allergy, Department of Internal Medicine, Eulji General Hospital, Seoul, Korea. hoonakr@eulji.ac.kr

Abstract

The most common cardiac cause of massive hemoptysis is mitral stenosis. Mitral regurgitation is rarely complicated by massive hemoptysis. A 48-year-old man with no significant medical history was admitted to our hospital with hemoptysis and production of 500 mL of blood within 24 hours. A pan-systolic murmur was found on chest examination. A chest computed tomography showed airspace consolidation in the right upper and middle lobes, with faint bilateral ground glass opacity. Echocardiography revealed mitral valve prolapse and grade IV mitral regurgitation. The patient was diagnosed with sporadic primary mitral valve prolapse. After mitral valve repair surgery, the patient recovered fully.

Keyword

hemoptysis; mitral valve insufficiency; mitral valve prolapse
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