J Korean Surg Soc.  2012 Mar;82(3):135-142. 10.4174/jkss.2012.82.3.135.

Comparison of laparoscopy-assisted and totally laparoscopic Billroth-II distal gastrectomy for gastric cancer

  • 1Department of Surgery, The Catholic University of Korea School of Medicine, Seoul, Korea. kimwook@catholic.ac.kr


In laparoscopic distal gastrectomy for gastric cancer, most surgeons prefer extra-corporeal anastomosis because of technical challenges and unfamiliarity with intra-corporeal anastomosis. Herein, we report the feasibility and safety of intra-corporeal Billroth-II anastomosis in gastric cancer.
From April 2004 to March 2011, 130 underwent totally laparoscopic distal gastrectomy with intra-corporeal Billroth-II reconstruction, and 269 patients underwent laparoscopy-assisted distal gastrectomy with extra-corporeal Billroth-II reconstruction. Surgical efficacies and outcomes between two groups were compared.
There were no differences in demographics and clinicopathological characteristics. The mean operation and reconstruction times of totally laparoscopic distal gastrectomy were statistically shorter than laparoscopy-assisted distal gastrectomy (P = 0.019; P < 0.001). Anastomosis-related complications were observed in 11 (8.5%) totally laparoscopic distal gastrectomy and 21 (7.8%) laparoscopy-assisted distal gastrectomy patients, and the incidence of these events was not significantly different. Post-operative hospital stays for totally laparoscopic distal gastrectomy were shorter than laparoscopy-assisted distal gastrectomy patients (8.3 +/- 3.2 days vs. 9.9 +/- 5.3 days, respectively; P = 0.016), and the number of times parenteral analgesic administration was required in laparoscopy-assisted distal gastrectomy patients was more frequent after surgery.
Intra-corporeal Billroth-II anastomosis is a feasible procedure and can be safely performed with the proper experience for laparoscopic distal gastrectomy. This method may be less time consuming and may produce a more cosmetic result.


Laparoscopic distal gastrectomy; Extra-corporeal anastomosis; Intra-corporeal anastomosis; Billroth-II anastomosis

MeSH Terms

Length of Stay
Stomach Neoplasms


  • Fig. 1 Brief illustration of intra-corporeal Billroth-II anastomosis. (A) Resection of the stomach using linear stapler. (B) Making entry hole at the tip of greater curvature side. (C) Making entry hole at the jejunum, about 10 to 15 cm from Treitz ligament. (D) Approximation of the stomach and jejunum using linear stapler. (E) Closure of the entry holes using linear stapler. (F) Completion of gastrojejunostomy, antecolic fashion.

Cited by  2 articles

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J Gastric Cancer. 2013;13(1):26-33.    doi: 10.5230/jgc.2013.13.1.26.

Comparison of Laparoscopy-Assisted and Totally Laparoscopic Distal Gastrectomy: The Short-Term Outcome at a Low Volume Center
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J Gastric Cancer. 2013;13(1):44-50.    doi: 10.5230/jgc.2013.13.1.44.


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