J Korean Acad Psychiatr Ment Health Nurs.  2011 Mar;20(1):37-48. 10.12934/jkpmhn.2011.20.1.37.

Unresolved Suffering Lived Experiences of College Students

  • 1Nursing of Science, Konyang University, Korea.
  • 2College of Nursing, Eulji University, Korea. imsb@eulji.ac.kr
  • 3College of Nursing, Catholic University of Daegu, Korea.


This study was done to discover the structure of the lived experiences of unresolved suffering of college students and to gather information to develop therapeutic educational interventions for nursing students.
The research question, 'What is the structure of the lived experience of unresolved suffering?' was examined based on Parse's Human becoming research method. Twelve nursing students were recruited from K University. From May, 1 to June 30, 2009, Data were gathered from writings and engagement in dialog.
The structure found in the college students' lived experiences of suffering was as follows: negative self-concept from being discriminated and ignored by parents, feelings against people and difficulties in interpersonal relations, feelings of isolation, betrayal, guilt, and loss. Their suffering was emotional grief and social withdrawal from damaged human dignity and low self-esteem from psychological trauma. Conceptual integration found to be in process of transferring the enabling-limiting, connecting-separating values.
It is necessary to develop therapeutic educational interventions for college students for further development as individuals and future health professional by developing awareness of the structure and the meaning of their suffering experience.


College students; Suffering; Lived experiences; Parse; Human Becoming Research Method
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