J Korean Geriatr Psychiatry.  1997 May;1(1):96-99.

A Preliminary Study on the Risk Factors between Vascular Dementia and Alzheimer's Dementia

  • 1Department of Psychiatry, Chung-Ang University Hospital, Seoul, Korea.
  • 2Inchon Eun Hye Hospital, Korea.


The authers investigated risk factors between vascular dementia and Alzheimer's dementia patients admitted in Chung-Ang University Hospital and Inchen Eun Hea Hospital from October 1996 to Feburary 1997. Chart review was done and complete those were selected and final disgnoses of dementia for subjects (74) were made by DSM-IV and NINCDS-ADRDA criteria. Risk facters were studied between vascular dementia and Alzheimer's dementia. The results were as follows. 1) Alzheimer's dementia patients were 48 (male 16, female 32), mean age of those was 76.65 (+/-7.47) years and duration of education of those was 3.58 (+/-4.79) years. Vascular dementia patients were 26 (male 7, female 19), mean age and duration of education of those were 73.92 (+/-6.69) years and 5.04 (+/-5.27) years respectively. 2) With respect to risk factors , vascular dementia patients were more likely have a history of hypertension and general anesthesia. 3) We found no difference in history of COPD, diabetes mellitus, alcohol abuse, family history of dementia, closed head trauma and cigarette smoking.


Alzheimer's dementia; Vascular dementia; Risk factors
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