J Korean Knee Soc.  2011 Jun;23(2):79-87. 10.5792/jkks.2011.23.2.79.

Short-term Results of Posterior Cruciate Sacrificing and Substitution Total Knee Arthroplasty

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Konkuk University School of Medicine, Seoul, Korea. damioh@gmail.com

Abstract

PURPOSE
To compare clinical and radiologic results after total knee arthroplasty (TKA) with posterior cruciate sacrificing (PCS) and posterior cruciate substitution (PS).
MATERIALS AND METHODS
Of 66 knees in 53 patients with degenerative arthritis, we completed both practical and radiological evaluations for 27 patients with PCS TKA (30 knees) and 31 patients with PS TKA (36 knees).
RESULTS
The knee score improved from 33 to 81.9 for PCS TKA and from 35 to 86.6 for PS TKA. Preoperative flexion was 104.5degrees in the PCS TKA group and 104.7degrees in the PS TKA group.These scores significantly improved to 113.9degrees and 104.7degrees respectively (p<0.05 for each). However, there was no significant difference between the two groups when comparing postoperative results and improvements (p>0.05). On radiological evaluation, the alpha angle was found to be 98.9degrees, the beta angle 89.9degrees , the gamma angle 5.0degrees, and the delta angle 39.2degrees for PCS TKA. Also, the alpha angle was 95.6degrees, beta angle 89.0degrees, gamma angle 9.0degrees, and delta angle 88.4degrees for PS TKA (p>0.05). Loosening was not encountered in either type. Postoperative complications were few; there was 1 knee (1.5%) with a polyethylene insert spin-out for the PCS TKA group and 1 knee (1.5%) with a periprosthetic fracture for the PS TKA group.
CONCLUSION
On both clinical and radiological evaluations, PCS TKA and PS TKA demonstrated satisfactory results out to 4.5 years of follow up, which also indicated a lack of any significant difference between these two types.

Keyword

Total knee arthroplasty; Posterior cruciate sacrificing; Posterior cruciate substitution
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