J Korean Acad Fundam Nurs.  2010 May;17(2):159-168.

The Effects of Tai Chi Exercise on Physical Function, Stress and Depression in Middle Aged Women with Osteoarthritis

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Nursing, Pusan National University, Korea.
  • 2Department of Nursing, Masan University, Korea. nursingcho@masan.ac.kr

Abstract

PURPOSE
The purpose
of this study was to identify the effects of 12 weeks of Tai Chi exercise on physical function, stress and depression in middle aged women with osteoarthritis. METHOD: The research design was a nonequivalent control group pretest-posttest design. Forty two participants were assigned to either the experimental group (21) or control group (21). Frequency, percentages, mean, standard deviations, chi-square-test, Wilcoxon rank sum test and repeated measured ANOVA with SPSS 12.0/PC program were used to analyzed the collected data.
RESULTS
For physical function the physical fitness of the experimental group improved significantly more than the control group: Leg strength, balance, flexibility and grip strength. Difficulty of performing activity had a tendency of decrease. Stress showed a tendency of as time passed but the decrease was not significant. Depression decreased and the change was significant.
CONCLUSION
The Tai Chi exercise was effective in improving physical function and reducing the stress and depression of middle aged women with osteoarthritis. Therefore the Tai Chi exercise could be used as a nursing intervention for osteoarthritis in middle aged women.

Keyword

Tai Chi; Osteoarthritis; Function; Stress; Depression
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