J Korean Acad Fundam Nurs.  2016 Feb;23(1):32-41. 10.7739/jkafn.2016.23.1.32.

Development of Resilience Scale for Nurses

  • 1Ajou University Hospital, Suwon, Korea. withmimi@aumc.ac.kr
  • 2College of Nursing, Ajou University, Suwon, Korea.


This study was done to develop a measure resilience in nurses.
Forty preliminary items were extracted from a view of the literature on concept analysis and scale development, and from in-depth interviews with nurses. These items were examined for content validity, reliability and validity. The scale was verified with 496 nurses working in three advanced general hospitals located in Seoul and Gyeonggido.
Factor analysis resulted in the creation of the final scale, which consisted of 30 items that were grouped into 5 factors: dispositional pattern, relational pattern, situational pattern, philosophical pattern and professional pattern. The explanatory variance was 56.25%. The reliability of the scale was Cronbach's alpha = .95. Correlation of the scale with the Korean version of the Connor-Davidson Resilience Scale (K-CD-RISC), established its construct and concurrent validity (r=.74, p<.001).
The resilience scale for nurses was found to have reliability and validity, and as developed in this study reflects nurses' disposition and was confirmed as a basis for developing and evaluating programs to increase nurses' resilience.


Nurses; Resilience; Scale; Development
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