J Korean Acad Fundam Nurs.  2016 Feb;23(1):12-20. 10.7739/jkafn.2016.23.1.12.

Effects of Lidocaine Patch Application to Decrease Pain and Fear during Blood Sugar Test in Elderly Patients with DM

Affiliations
  • 1Christian College of Nursing, Korea.
  • 2Department of Nursing, Saekyung College, Korea. johncp@hanmail.net
  • 3Chonnam National University GwangJu 2nd Geriatric Hospital, Korea.

Abstract

PURPOSE
This study was done to examine the effects of lidocaine patch application to decrease pain and fear during blood sugar testing in elderly patients with DM.
METHODS
The participants were 56 elderly patients admitted to J geriatric hospital in G city, Korea. Of the elderly patient, 27 were assigned to the experimental group and 29 to the control group. Participants in the experimental group applied a lidocaine patch on the fingertip for 30 minutes before a blood sugar test. The control group applied a plaster on the fingertip. Pain was evaluated using a visual analogue scale and fear using the Procedure Behaviour Check List. The results were compared using paired t-test and t-test.
RESULTS
The scores for pain and fear were significantly lower in the experimental group compared to the control group.
CONCLUSION
The lidocaine patch was found to be an effective local anesthetic to relieve pain and fear during blood sugar test in elderly patients with DM without any severe adverse events.

Keyword

Lidocaine; Patch; Pain; Fear
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