Ewha Med J.  2013 Sep;36(2):102-111. 10.12771/emj.2013.36.2.102.

Physician Liability and Social Responsibility Related with Medical Certificates

  • 1Ewha Womans University School of Law, Seoul, Korea. sincerebae@ewha.ac.kr


Medical certificate, post-mortem examination or certificate guarantee their authenticity of the content through the article 233 of the criminal act. The article 233 of the criminal act states that if a medical or oriental medical doctor, dentist or midwife prepare false medical certificate, postmortem examination or certificate life or death, one shall be punished. To constitute the crime of issuance of falsified medical certificates, it is necessary for the contents of the certificate to be substantially contrary to the truth, as well as it is needed the subjective perception that the contents of the certificate are false. On the article 17 of the medical service act, no one may prepare a medical certificate, a report or certificate of postmortem examination to a patient or public prosecutor in a district public prosecutors' office, who conducts a medical service and has given the medical treatment or conducted the postmortem examination by him/herself: Provided that, such certificate or report may be issued for a patient without giving any medical treatment, if the patient has died within 48 hours after his/her last medical treatment, while if the medical doctor, dentist or oriental medical doctors who examined a patient or conducted a postmortem examination of the dead patient is unable to issue such certificate or report due to an inevitable cause or event, any other medical doctor, dentist or oriental medical doctor who works for the same medical institution, may issue such certificate or report based on the medical records of the patient.


Criminal act; Medical certificate; Medical service act; Physician liability; Social responsibility

MeSH Terms

Liability, Legal*
Medical Records
Social Responsibility*

Cited by  1 articles

Ethical aspects for the rules and procedures for issuing medical certificates
Byung-In Choe, Gwi-Hyang Lee
J Korean Med Assoc. 2014;57(7):594-600.    doi: 10.5124/jkma.2014.57.7.594.


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