Korean J Otorhinolaryngol-Head Neck Surg.  2016 May;59(5):402-405. 10.3342/kjorl-hns.2016.59.5.402.

Cochlear Implantation Using the Endomeatal Approach in a Child with a Extremely Hypoplastic Mastoid

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Dong-A University College of Medicine, Busan, Korea. su0305@lycos.co.kr

Abstract

The classic surgical technique for cochlear implantation was first introduced by House in 1961. This technique includes a mastoidectomy and a posterior tympanotomy, which has been most widely used for cochlear implantation. However, this approach may result in the injury of the chorda tympani nerve or the facial nerve. To avoid the risk of the neural injury, several alternative surgical methods have been developed. The endomeatal approach is one of the several alternative techniques. We present, along with a review of literatures, a case of cochlear implantation using the endomeatal approach performed in a child with an extremely hypoplastic mastoid.

Keyword

Cochlear implantation; Congenital aural atresia; Endomeatal approach

MeSH Terms

Child*
Chorda Tympani Nerve
Cochlear Implantation*
Cochlear Implants*
Facial Nerve
Humans
Mastoid*
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