J Korean Surg Soc.  1999 Jun;56(Suppl):1009-1016.

Comparison of Laparoscopic Cholecystectomy and Minilaparotomy Cholecystectomy

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Surgery, Dong-guk University College of Medicine.

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Cholecystectomy is the standard treatment for gallbladder stones and at present is performed in minimally invasive procedures. There are several advantages to a laparoscopic cholecystectomy, so now it is a popular procedure for use in a cholecystectomy. Also, a minilaparotomy cholecystectomy is an alternative method to a traditional open cholecystectomy and results in a smaller incision than a traditional open cholecystectomy.
METHODS
We analyzed outcomes following laparoscopic and minilaparotomy cholecystectomy. 74 patients with gallstones were included. 45 patients were treated by a laparoscopic cholecystectomy and 29 patients were treated by a minilaparotomy cholecystectomy.
RESULTS
Compared to the minilaparotomy cholecystectomy, the laparoscopic cholecystectomy resulted in a shorter mean hospital stay, a faster mean time to diet, and a longer mean operating time. During the first postoperative 24 hours more analgesics were used in the minilaparotomy cholecystectomy than in the laparoscopic cholecystectomy, and the laparoscopic cholecystectomy was more expensive than the minilaparotomy cholecystectomy. Postoperative complications occurred in 3 patients receiving a lapaaroscopic cholecystectomy and 1 patient receiving a minilaparotomy cholecystectomy. Conversion from a laparoscopic cholecystectomy to a traditional open cholecystectomy was necessary in 2 patients; no conversion to a traditional cholecystectomy was necessary in the minilaparotomy cholecystectomy.
CONCLUSIONS
This study has proven the advantages of a laparoscopic cholecystectomy to be shorter hospitalization, less pain, and better cosmetic effect. Also, a minilaparotomy cholecystectomy has the advantages of a laparoscopic cholecystectomy and can be performed more safely.

Keyword

Laparoscopic cholecystectomy; Minilaparotomy cholecystectomy
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