Korean J Gastrointest Endosc.  1997 Dec;17(6):778-788.

A Study of 162 Cases of Peri-Ampullary Diverticulum

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Internal Medicine, Sanggye Paik Hospital, College of Medicine, Inje University, Korea.

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Periampullary diverticulum has been commonly discovered during endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography(ERCP) in patients with various pancreaticobiliary diseases such as cholelithiasis and its clinical significance has been noted. Recently, periampullary diverticulum is known to be associated with choledocholithiasis, various pancreatobiliary diseases and intestinal symptoms. Our aims of study was to investigate characteristics of periampullary diverticulum and to determinate the positive relationship between periampullary diverticulum and choledocholithiasis, and to determinate whether periampullary diverticulum influences on the cannulation rate and complication performing ERCP and endoscopic sphincterotomy(EST).
METHODS
We reviewed 162 of 594 cases, which had periampullary diverticulums on ERCP during the past 6 years, and investigated size, location and number of periampullary diverticulums with special reference to the location of cholelithiasis. We also compared success rate and complication rate of ERCP and EST in cases with or without periamullary diverticulum.
RESULTS
The incidence of periampullary diverticulum was 27.3%(male 48.1%, female 51.9%). and increased after 50 years old. In anatomical characteriastics of periampullary diverticulum, most of the diverticulum was single(90.1%). Size was usually smaller than 1cm(48.8%) and was seperated from ampulla of Vater, type III(59.2%). Choledocholithiasis was more frequently found in patients with periampullary diverticulum(58.9%) than in patients without diverticulum(43.1), especially in type II(attatching type). Failure rate of ERCP was 14.8% with periampullary diverticulum and was 14.6% without it. Bleeding, one of serious complications of EST, was noted in 4 patients with periampullary diverticulum, and one patient was operated to control the bleeding.
CONCLUSIONS
Periampullary diverticulum might be related with choledocholithiasis, but usually does not interfere with procedure of ERCP.

Keyword

Periampullaty diverticulum; Cholelithiasis; Endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography
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