J Korean Neurosurg Soc.  1982 Dec;11(4):565-570.

A Case of Carotid Cavernous Fistula Treated by Muscle and Polyurethane Foam Embolization: Case Report

  • 1Department of Neurosurgery, Eul Ji General Hospital, Seoul, Korea.


There have been various surgical methods to treat the carotid cavernous fistula such as the carotid ligation, trapping procedure, embolization with muscle, gelfoam and polyurethane foam, balloon technique and direct transcavernous approach. Each method has its own merits and disadvantages. The ideal treatment of the illness would be the selective closure of the fistula with preservation of carotid patency. The authors are reporting a case of C-C fistula in which selective muscle embolism preserving carotid flow was attempted at first, but the closure was incomplete that polyurethane foam embolization was done in addition with success.


C-C fistula; Muscle; Polyurethane foam; Embolization
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