J Korean Assoc Maxillofac Plast Reconstr Surg.  2010 Jan;32(1):49-56.

QUANTITATIVE ASSESSMENT OF NASAL AND UPPER LIP CHANGES AFTER LE FORT I OSTEOTOMY SURGERY USING A 3-DIMENSIONAL COMPUTED TOMOGRAPHY

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, SNU-SMG Boramae Hospital, Korea.
  • 2Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, School of Dentistry, Seoul National University, Korea. jinychoi@snu.ac.kr

Abstract


OBJECTIVE
To evaluate nasal and upper lip changes after Le Fort I surgery by means of images taken with a three-dimensional computed tomography (3D-CT).
METHODS
Fifteen patients (9 female and 6 male, mean age 21.9 years) with preoperative and postoperative 3D-CT were studied. The patients underwent maxillary movement with impaction or elongation, and advancement or setback. With the 3D-CT which presents reconstructive soft tissue images, preoperative and postoperative measurement and analysis were performed for nasal tip projection angle, columellar angle, supratip break angle, nasolabial angle, interalar width, internostril width, columella length and nasal tip projection.
RESULTS
Postoperative interalar and internostril widening was significant for all categories of maxillary movement. However, there was little significant relation in all parameters between the amount and direction of maxillary movement. Interestingly, movement of the maxilla with upward did show a little decrease in the columellar angle, supra tip break angle and nasolabial angle. Also movement of the maxilla with forward did show a little advancement in the upper lip position.
CONCLUSION
Changes to the nose clearly occur after orthognathic surgery. There was a significant increase in postoperative interalar width and internostril width with maxillary movement. However, no clear correlation could be determined between amount of change and maxillary movement. Interestingly, maxillary impaction did show a little decrease in the columellar angle, supra tip break angle and nasolabial angle. In addition, we used 3D-CT for more precise analysis as a useful tool.

Keyword

Orthognathic surgery; Le Fort I Osteotomy; 3-Dimensional computed tomography

MeSH Terms

Female
Humans
Lip
Male
Maxilla
Nose
Orthognathic Surgery
Osteotomy
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