Korean J Orthod.  1986 Sep;16(2):53-67.

A study on the cyclic AMP in the alveolar bone of rats applied by orthodontic forces in experimental diabetes and insulin treatment

  • 1Department of Dental Science, Yonsei University, Korea.


The physical tooth movement by orthodontic force is based upon alveolar bone resorption at compression site and new bone formation at tension site of the alveolar socket. The function of the cyclic AMP is to participate not only in initial action of bone cells by mechanical forces but also in the continuous cellular response leading to bone remodelling. This experiment was performed to clarify the role of cyclic AMP in bone remodelling by mechanical force In the NORMAL group, the DIABETES group and the INSULIN TREATED group. The 72 rats were divided into the NORMAL group, the DIABETES group and the INSULIN TREATED group. The same orthodontic forces were applied to the rats of 3 groups. These rats were treated for periods of time ranging from 1 hour, 1 day, 7 days, 14 days, 21 days and 28 days. The samples of alveolar bones were obtained from compression and tension sites surrounding the tipping teeth from NORMAL, DIABETE and INSULIN TREATED rats. The samples were assayed for cyclic AMP by the cyclic AMP RIA kit. The results were as follows 1. The cyclic AMP levels of alveolar bone in compression and tension sites showed initial decrease, then increased and remained elevated by the time consuming. 2. The highest cyclic AMP level showed in the DIABETES group and the lowest level was In the NORMAL group. 3. The cyclic AMP levels In the INSULIN TREATED group was similar with the NORMAL group in control and tension sites, but in the compression sites it was similar with the DIABETES group.

MeSH Terms

Bone Resorption
Cyclic AMP*
Tooth Movement
Cyclic AMP
Full Text Links
  • KJOD
export Copy
  • Twitter
  • Facebook
Similar articles
Copyright © 2024 by Korean Association of Medical Journal Editors. All rights reserved.     E-mail: koreamed@kamje.or.kr