Korean J Otorhinolaryngol-Head Neck Surg.  2014 Jan;57(1):22-26. 10.3342/kjorl-hns.2014.57.1.22.

The Analysis of Anxiety, Depression, and Type D Personality in Patients with Tinnitus

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Otorhinolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, College of Medicine, Yeungnam University, Daegu, Korea. baich@med.yu.ac.kr
  • 2Regional Center for Respiratory Diseases, Yeungnam University Medical Center, Daegu, Korea.

Abstract

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES
Tinnitus is a disease with high prevalence and a wide range of etiologies. Tinnitus has a lot of impact on the patients, causing psychological distress such as anxiety and depression. Type D personality is related to the negative emotions including to anxiety and depression. Therefore, the goal of this study was to understand the relationship between tinnitus and anxiety/depression/type D personality. SUBJECTS AND METHOD: Ninety three patients with chronic subjective tinnitus, who visited the Department of Otorhinolaryngology-Head Neck Surgery in Yeungnam University Hospital from May, 2012 to October, 2012. The tinnitus patients were asked to complete a survey: regarding demographic data, otologic history, Beck Depression Inventory (BDI), Hamilton anxiety scale (HAM-A), type D personality scale 14 (DS-14), and tinnitus handicap inventory (THI).
RESULTS
The tinnitus patients had significantly higher levels of type D personality (58.1%). In the tinnitus patients, as the score of THI increased, the BDI and HAM-A scores increased. As the DS-14 score increased, the THI scores increased.
CONCLUSION
These results suggest that the tinnitus patients have high prevalence of type D personality compared to that shown in the general population. And the handicap of tinnitus is related to anxiety, depression and type D personality.

Keyword

Anxiety; Depression; Tinnitus; Type D personality

MeSH Terms

Anxiety*
Depression*
Humans
Neck
Prevalence
Tinnitus*
Type D Personality*
Full Text Links
  • KJORL-HN
Actions
Cited
CITED
export Copy
Close
Share
  • Twitter
  • Facebook
Similar articles
    DB Error: unknown error