J Korean Acad Nurs.  2009 Dec;39(6):899-910. 10.4040/jkan.2009.39.6.899.

Social Support and Acculturative Stress in Migrant Workers

  • 1Department of Nursing, Chungju National University, Chungju, Korea.
  • 2Department of Nursing, Shinheung College, Uijeongbu, Korea.
  • 3Seoul Women's College of Nursing, Seoul, Korea.
  • 4Department of Nursing, Hallym University, Chuncheon, Korea. ksj@hallym.ac.kr


The purpose of this study was to collect basic data on social support and acculturative stress in migrant workers. METHODS: Between August, 2007 and January, 2008 171 immigrant workers completed data collection using a questionnaire. Workers were recruited from 2 churches, one in Seoul and the other in Gyeonggi Province. Mean and standard deviation, t-test, ANOVA, Pearson correlation coefficients and Stepwise multiple regression were used to analyze the data. RESULTS: The average score for social support was 3.73 (+/-0.65) and for acculturative stress, 2.52 (+/-0.65). There were significant differences acculturative stress according to gender (t=2.152, p=.033), kind of job (t=2.597, p=.040), and have community or not (t=2.899, p=.005). There was a significant negative correlation between social support and acculturative stress (r=-.270, p=.001). Factors influencing acculturative stress were existence of participants having a community of people from their home country or not (R2=.151, p=.002). CONCLUSION: More studies are needed to identify the variables that influence acculturative stress in immigrant workers.


Social support; Acculturative stress; Migrant workers

MeSH Terms

Discrimination (Psychology)
Emigrants and Immigrants/*psychology
Middle Aged
*Social Support
Stress, Psychological

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