Nucl Med Mol Imaging.  2007 Feb;41(1):49-53.

Quantitative Comparisons between CT and 68Ge Transmission Attenuation Corrected 18F-FDG PET Images: Measured Attenuation Correction vs. Segmented Attenuation Correction

  • 1Department of Nuclear Medicine, Samsung Medical Center, Sungkyunkwan University School of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.


PURPOSE: It was reported that CT-based measured attenuation correction (CT-MAC) produced radioactivity concentration values significantly higher than 68Ge-based segmented attenuation correction (Ge-SAC) in PET images. However, it was unknown whether the radioactivity concentration difference resulted from different sources (CT vs. Ge) or types (MAC vs. SAC) of attenuation correction (AC). We evaluated the influences of the source and type of AC on the radioactivity concentration differences between reconstructed PET images in normal subjects and patients. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Five normal subjects and 35 patients with a known or suspected cancer underwent 18F-FDG PET/CT. In each subject, attenuation corrected PET images using OSEM algorithm (28 subsets, 2 iterations) were reconstructed by 4 methods: CT-MAC, CT-SAC, Ge-MAC, and Ge-SAC. The physiological uptake in normal subjects and pathological uptake in patients were quantitatively compared between the PET images according to the source and type of AC.
The SUVs of physiological uptake measured in CT-MAC PET images were significantly higher than other 3 differently corrected PET images. Maximum SUVs of the 145 foci with abnormal FDG uptake in CT-MAC images were significantly highest among 4 differently corrected PET images with a difference of 2.4% to 5.1% (p<0.001). The SUVs of pathological uptake in Ge-MAC images were significantly higher than those in CT-SAC and Ge-MAC PET images (p<0.001).
Quantitative radioactivity values were highest in CT-MAC PET images. The adoption of MAC may make a more contribution than the adoption of CT attenuation map to such differences.


PET; 18F-FDG; attenuation correction; CT; 68Ge

MeSH Terms

Fluorodeoxyglucose F18*
Positron-Emission Tomography and Computed Tomography
Fluorodeoxyglucose F18
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