J Korean Geriatr Psychiatry.  2010 Jun;14(1):27-37.

A Normative Study of the Mini-Mental State Examination for Dementia Screening (MMSE-DS) and Its Short form(SMMSE-DS) in the Korean Elderly

  • 1Department of Neuropsychiatry, Seoul National University Bundang Hospital, Seongnam, Korea. kwkimmd@snu.ac.kr
  • 2Department of Neuropsychiatry, Kangwon National University Hospital, Chuncheon, Korea.
  • 3Department of Neuropsychiatry, Jeju National University Hospital, Jeju, Korea.
  • 4Department of Psychiatry, Chungnam National University Hospital, Daejeon, Korea.
  • 5Department of Psychiatry, Dankook University Hospital, Cheonan, Korea.
  • 6Department of Neuropsychiatry, Konkuk University Hospital, Seoul, Korea.
  • 7Department of Psychiatry, Konkuk University Chungju Hospital, Chungju, Korea.
  • 8Department of Neuropsychiatry, Inje University Snaggye Paik Hospital, Seoul, Korea.
  • 9Department of Neuropsychiatry, Seoul National University Hospital, Seoul, Korea.
  • 10Department of Neuropsychiatry, Kyunggi Provincial Hospital for the Elderly, Yongin, Korea.
  • 11Department of Psychiatry, Seoul National University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.


This study aimed to present the normative information of the Mini-Mental State Examination-Dementia Screening (MMSE-DS) and its short form (SMMSE-DS) in the Korean elderly.
The MMSE-DS was administered in a standardized manner to 1,008 healthy volunteers aged 60 years or over recruited from participants in the Korean Longitudinal Study on Health and Aging or from volunteers in the National Dementia Screening and Registry Program. The SMMSE-DS was consisted of 13 items from the MMSE-DS based on the diagnostic accuracy of individual items for dementia.
Age and educational level were found to have significant effect on the SMMSE-DS score, but sex was not. Based on this result, overlapping age normative table (60 to 74, 70 to 84, and 75 to 90 years of age) with 4 educational strata (0 to 3 years, 4 to 6 years, 7 to 12 years and 13 years and more) was developed for the SMMSE-DS. For resulting 12 normative units, 5 percentile, lower quartile, median, upper quartile, mean, standard deviation and -1.5standard deviation were calculated.
The normative data from this study can be widely used as reference values to objectively interpret the MMSE-DS and SMMSE-DS scores of the Korean elderly.


Mini-mental state examination; Normative study; Dementia; Mild cognitive impairment; Short form; Korean
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