J Korean Hip Soc.  2011 Dec;23(4):237-247. 10.5371/jkhs.2011.23.4.237.

Revision Total Hip Arthroplasty of an Acetabular Cup with Acetabular Bone Defects

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Orthopedic Surgery, College of Medicine, Hanyang University, Seoul, Korea. kimyh1@hanyang.ac.kr

Abstract

Recently, the incidence of revision total hip arthroplasty (THA) has increased following primary THA. Bone stock deficiency presents the major challenge in acetabular reconstruction during revision hip arthroplasty. The reasons for such acetabular defects include osteolysis, bone resportion following cup loosening, iatrogenic damage resulting from cup or cement removal during revision THA, and cup migration. The pre-operative assessment of acetabular bone stock, including the amount and location of pelvic osteolysis before revision surgery, is a critical preoperative preparation for the treatment of bone deficiency. In cases with mild acetabular defects, a variety of surgical options are available for treating. However, in cases with severe segmental, cavitary, or combined acetabular defects, controversies have existed so far about the most optimal treatment. Thereby, we tend to introduce the most commonly-adopted classification system of acetabular defects and management options using high hip center cups, oblong cups, structural allografts, morselized allografts with bipolar cups, morselized allografts with cementless cups, morselized allografts with acetabular reinforcement devices, and revisions with trabecular metal augmentations.

Keyword

Acetabular bone defect; Acetabular cup; Revision total hip arthroplasty
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