Korean J Med Phys.  2011 Dec;22(4):163-171.

Survey of Technical Parameters for Pediatric Chest X-ray Imaging by Using Effective DQE and Dose

  • 1Department of Radiological Science, College of Health Science, Yonsei University, Wonju, Korea. hjk1@yonsei.ac.kr
  • 2Research Institute of Health Science, Yonsei University, Wonju, Korea.
  • 3Department of Radiological Science, Hanlyo University, Gwangyang, Korea.
  • 4Department of Radiology, Seoul Medical Center, Korea.
  • 5Department of Radiation Oncology, Seoul National University Hospital, Seoul, Korea.


The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of various technical parameters for the dose optimization in pediatric chest radiological examinations by evaluating effective dose and effective detective quantum efficiency (eDQE) including the scatter radiation from the object, the blur caused by the focal spot, geometric magnification and detector characteristics. For the tube voltages ranging from 40 to 90 kVp in 10 kVp increments at the FDD of 100, 110, 120, 150, 180 cm, the eDQE was evaluated at the same effective dose. The results showed that the eDQE was largest at 60 kVp when compares the eDQE at different tube voltage. Especially, the eDQE was considerably higher without the use of an anti-scatter grid on equivalent effective dose. This indicates that the reducing the scatter radiation did not compensate for the loss of absorbed effective photons in the grid. When the grid is not used the eDQE increased with increasing FDD because of the greater effective modulation transfer function (eMTF). However, most of major hospitals in Korea employed a short FDD of 100 cm with an anti-scatter grid for the chest radiological examination of a 15 month old infant. As a result, the entrance surface air kerma (ESAK) values for the hospitals of this survey exceeded the Korean DRL (diagnostic reference level) of 100 microGy. Therefore, appropriate technical parameters should be established to perform pediatric chest examinations on children of different ages. The results of this study may serve as a baseline to establish detailed reference level of pediatric dose for different ages.


Effective detective quantum efficiency (eDQE); Effective dose; FDD (focus-to-detector distance); Grid; DRL (diagnostic reference level)

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