Korean J Hepatobiliary Pancreat Surg.  2012 Feb;16(1):37-42. 10.14701/kjhbps.2012.16.1.37.

Jejunal varix bleeding with extrahepatic portal vein obstruction after pylorus-preserving pancreatoduodenectomy: report of two cases

Affiliations
  • 1Center for Liver Cancer, National Cancer Center, Goyang, Korea. spark@ncc.re.kr

Abstract

We present 2 patients showing afferent jejunal varix bleeding around hepaticojejunostomy caused by extrahepatic portal vein obstruction after pylorus-preserving pancreatoduodenectomy (PPPD). The case 1 was a 58-year-old woman who had recurrent anemia and hematochezia 3 years after undergoing PPPD. On the portography, the main portal vein was obliterated and collaterals around hepaticojejunostomy were developed. After percutaneous transhepatic balloon dilatation and stent placement through the obliterated portal vein, jejunal varices had disappeared and thereafter no bleeding occurred for 32 months. The case 2 was a 71-year-old man who had frequent melena 7 years after PPPD. Portal stent insertion was first tried, but failed due to severe stenosis of the main portal vein. Therefore, meso-caval shunt operation was attempted in order to reduce the variceal flow. Although an episode of a small amount of melena occurred one month after the shunt operation, there was no occurrence of bleeding for the next 8 months. For the treatment of jejunal varices, a less invasive approach, such as the angiographic intervention of stent insertion, balloon dilatation, or embolization is recommended first. Surgical operations, such as a shunt or resection of the jejunal rim, could be considered when noninvasive approaches have failed.

Keyword

Jejunal varices; Hepaticojejunostomy; Portal vein stenosis; Percutaneous transhepatic angioplasty; Portocaval shunt

MeSH Terms

Aged
Anemia
Constriction, Pathologic
Dilatation
Female
Gastrointestinal Hemorrhage
Hemorrhage
Humans
Melena
Middle Aged
Pancreaticoduodenectomy
Portal Vein
Portography
Stents
Varicose Veins

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