J Korean Med Sci.  1999 Feb;14(1):39-44. 10.3346/jkms.1999.14.1.39.

Presence of specific IgG antibody to grain dust does not go with respiratory symptoms

  • 1Department of Allergy and Clinical Immunology, Ajou University School of Medicine, Paldalgu, Suwon, Korea. hspark@madang.aju.ac.kr


A high prevalence of work-related symptoms in relation to grain dust exposure has been reported in grain dust workers, but the role of the specific IgG antibody is unknown. To study the possible role of specific IgG (sIgG) and specific IgG4 (sIgG4) in the development of work-related symptoms, sIgG and sIgG4 subclass antibodies against grain dust antigens were determined by ELISA in sera from 43 workers and 27 non-exposed controls. They were compared with results of specific IgE antibodies, exposure intensity and the presence of respiratory symptoms. SIgG and sIgG4 antibodies were detectable in almost all sera of exposed workers, and the prevalence were significantly higher than those of controls (p<0.05). Higher sIgG4 was noted in workers with specific IgE (p<0.05). The correlation between sIgG and exposure duration was significant (p<0.05). There was no association between the prevalence of sIgG and sIgG4 and the presence of respiratory symptoms, or work stations. In conclusion, these results suggest that the existence of sIgG and sIgG4 might represent a response to grain dust exposure and may unlikely play a role in the etiology of respiratory symptoms.


IgG; IgG4; Grain dust; Inhalation exposure

MeSH Terms

Inhalation Exposure
Occupational Diseases/immunology
Occupational Exposure*

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