J Korean Acad Nurs.  2011 Oct;41(5):684-693. 10.4040/jkan.2011.41.5.684.

The Effects of Oral Care Education on Caregivers' Knowledge, Attitude, & Behavior toward Oral Hygiene for Elderly Residents in a Nursing Home

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Nursing Science, Sun Moon University, Asan, Korea.
  • 2College of Nursing, Research Institute of Nursing Science, Seoul National University, Seoul, Korea. smi@snu.ac.kr

Abstract

PURPOSE
To investigate the effects of oral care education on knowledge, attitudes & behavior of caregivers in oral care and oral hygiene for residents in nursing homes.
METHODS
In this quasi-experimental study, the intervention group (n=27) of residents received oral care from intervention group caregivers (n=28) who had received 6 weeks of oral care education. The control group (n=27) of residents received usual oral care from control group caregivers (n=26). Data on knowledge, attitude, and behavioral change in oral health care by the caregivers and plaque index & halitosis of the residents were collected. Data were analyzed using SPSS WIN 16.0.
RESULTS
1) Scores on caregivers' knowledge (p<.001) and behavior (p<.001) for oral care were higher in the intervention group 6 and 12 weeks. The caregivers' attitude (p<.001) score for oral care was higher in the intervention group 12 weeks. 2) The plaque index (p=.004) and halitosis (p=.002) of the nursing home residents were lower in the intervention group than the control group at 6 and 12 weeks.
CONCLUSION
Oral care education programs for caregivers are effective in improving the oral hygiene of elderly residents in nursing homes through enhancement of caregivers' knowledge, attitude, and behavioral change.

Keyword

Oral hygiene; Nursing homes; Aged; Education; Caregivers
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