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HMGB1 increases RAGE expression in vascular smooth muscle cells via ERK and p-38 MAPK-dependent pathways

Jang EJ, Kim H, Baek SE, Jeon EY, Kim JW, Kim JY, Kim CD

The increased expression of receptors for advanced glycation endproduct (RAGE) is known as a key player in the progression of vascular remodeling. However, the precise signal pathways regulating RAGE expression in...
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The function of zinc in the primary vascular smooth muscle cell proliferation in rats

Cho YE, Kwun IS

Purpose: The vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs) in mature animals have implicated to play a major role in the progression of cardiovascular diseases such as atherosclerosis. This study aimed at...
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Activation of AMPK by Telmisartan Decreases Basal and PDGF-stimulated VSMC Proliferation via Inhibiting the mTOR/p70S6K Signaling Axis

Hwang YJ, Park JH, Cho DH

Background: Telmisartan, an angiotensin II type 1 receptor blocker (ARB), is widely used to treat hypertension by blocking the renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system. Although abnormal proliferation of vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs)...
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Regulatory Effects of O-GlcNAcylation in Vascular Smooth Muscle Cells on Diabetic Vasculopathy

Byon CH, Kim SW

Vascular complications from uncontrolled hyperglycemia are the leading cause of death in patients with diabetes mellitus. Previous reports have shown a strong correlation between hyperglycemia and vascular calcification, which increases...
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Dendropanax morbifera Extract Inhibits Intimal Hyperplasia in Balloon-Injured Rat Carotid Arteries by Modulating Phenotypic Changes in Vascular Smooth Muscle Cells

Lim L, Jo J, Yoon SP, Jang I, Ki YJ, Choi DH, Song H

The plant Dendropanax morbifera Léveille is effective folk medicines for the treatment of several conditions, such as infectious diseases, skin diseases, and other illnesses. Although the inhibitory effects of D....
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Porphyromonas gingivalis lipopolysaccharide stimulates vascular smooth muscle cell migration through signal transducer and activator of transcription 3-mediated matrix metalloproteinase-9 expression

Kim Y, Park JY, Park HJ, Kim MK, Kim YI, Bae SK, Kim HJ, Bae MK

Periodontal diseases have been associated with the development of cardiovascular diseases. Accumulating evidences have indicated that Porphyromonas gingivalis, a major periodontopathic pathogen, plays a critical role in the pathogenesis of...
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α-Isocubebene modulates vascular tone by inhibiting myosin light chain phosphorylation in murine thoracic aorta

Ye BH, Kim EJ, Baek SE, Choi YW, Park SY, Kim CD

α-Iso-cubebene (ICB) is a dibenzocyclooctadiene lignin contained in Schisandra chinensis (SC), a well-known medicinal herb that ameliorates cardiovascular symptoms, but the mechanism responsible for this activity has not been determined....
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Arginase Inhibition Suppresses Native Low-Density Lipoprotein-Stimulated Vascular Smooth Muscle Cell Proliferation by NADPH Oxidase Inactivation

Koo BH, Yi BG, Wang WK, Ko IY, Hoe KL, Kwon YG, Won MH, Kim YM, Lim HK, Ryoo S

PURPOSE: Vascular smooth muscle cell (VSMC) proliferation induced by native low-density lipoprotein (nLDL) stimulation is dependent on superoxide production from activated NADPH oxidase. The present study aimed to investigate whether...
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miR-379 Inhibits Cell Proliferation, Invasion, and Migration of Vascular Smooth Muscle Cells by Targeting Insulin-Like Factor-1

Li K, Wang Y, Zhang A, Liu B, Jia L

PURPOSE: MicroRNAs are small non-coding RNAs that play important roles in vascular smooth muscle cell (VSMC) function. This study investigated the role of miR-379 on proliferation, invasion, and migration of...
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Porphyromonas gingivalis Lipopolysaccharide Regulates Migration of Vascular Smooth Muscle Cells

Kim Y, Kim SJ, Kim MK, Park HJ, Kim HJ, Bae SK, Bae MK

Porphyromonas gingivalis, a foremost periodontal pathogen, has been known to cause periodontal diseases. Epidemiologic evidences have indicated the involvement of P. gingivalis in the development of cardiovascular diseases. In this...
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Mechanisms of Vascular Calcification: The Pivotal Role of Pyruvate Dehydrogenase Kinase 4

Leem J, Lee IK

Vascular calcification, abnormal mineralization of the vessel wall, is frequently associated with aging, atherosclerosis, diabetes mellitus, and chronic kidney disease. Vascular calcification is a key risk factor for many adverse...
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Role of zinc for calcification inhibitor protein in vascular smooth muscle cell plaque formation

Shin MY, Kwun IS

PURPOSE: Zinc, a biomineral present within and outside cells, manages various cellular mechanisms. In this study, we examined whether zinc was involved in vascular smooth muscle cell (VSMC) calcification via...
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Murrayafoline A Induces a G0/G1-Phase Arrest in Platelet-Derived Growth Factor-Stimulated Vascular Smooth Muscle Cells

Han JH, Kim Y, Jung SH, Lee JJ, Park HS, Song GY, Cuong NM, Kim YH, Myung CS

The increased potential for vascular smooth muscle cell (VSMC) growth is a key abnormality in the development of atherosclerosis and post-angioplasty restenosis. Abnormally high activity of platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF)...
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CCL5 Inhibits Elevation of Blood Pressure and Expression of Hypertensive Mediators in Developing Hypertension State Spontaneously Hypertensive Rats

Kim HY, Cha HJ, Choi JH, Kang YJ, Park SY, Kim HS

CCL5, a proinflammatory chemokine, has been shown to attenuate angiotensin (Ang) II-induced expression of hypertensive mediators as well as Ang II-induced inhibition of anti-hypertensive mediator expression in vascular smooth muscle...
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Artemisinin attenuates platelet-derived growth factor BB-induced migration of vascular smooth muscle cells

Lee KP, Park ES, Kim DE, Park IS, Kim JT, Hong H

BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Artemisinin (AT), an active compound in Arternisia annua, is well known as an anti-malaria drug. It is also known to have several effects including anti-oxidant, anti-inflammation, and anti-cancer activities....
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Losartan Inhibits Vascular Smooth Muscle Cell Proliferation through Activation of AMP-Activated Protein Kinase

Kim JE, Choi HC

Losartan is a selective angiotensin II (Ang II) type 1 (AT1) receptor antagonist which inhibits vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs) contraction and proliferation. We hypothesized that losartan may prevent cell...
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15-Deoxy-Delta(12,14)-Prostaglandin J2 Upregulates the Expression of LPS-Induced IL-8/CXCL8 mRNA in Vascular Smooth Muscle Cells from Spontaneously Hypertensive Rats

Kim JH, Kim HS

BACKGROUND: 15d-PGJ2 has been known to act as an anti-inflammatory agent and has anti-hypertensive effects. As a result of these properties, we examined the effect of 15d-PGJ2 on the LPS-induced...
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Transcriptional Regulation of Insulin and CXCL10 Gene by Peroxisome Proliferator Activated Receptor gamma Coactivator-1alpha

Jang WG, Lee IK, Kim EJ, Ryu SY, Kim BW, Kim JG

BACKGROUND: Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-gamma coactivator 1alpha (PGC-1alpha), which act as a coactivator of nuclear receptors and several other transcription factors. This study was performed to evaluate the expressional regulation of...
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NF-kappa B decoy potentiates the effects of radiation on vascular smooth muscle cells by enhancing apoptosis

Zhang SY, Park KW, Oh S, Cho HJ, Cho HJ, Park JS, Cho YS, Koo BK, Chae IH, Choi DJ, Kim HS, Lee MM

  • KMID: 1033097
  • Exp Mol Med.
  • 2005 Feb;37(1):18-26.
NF-kappa B promotes cell survival against external stress such as radiation. We examined whether NF-kappa B decoy transfection enhances the antiproliferative effects of radiation on vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs)...
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Mechanisms Involved in the Inhibitory Effects of Mycophenolic Acid on the PDGF-induced Proliferation of Vascular Smooth Muscle Cells

Park J, Ha H, Kim MS, Huh KH, Kim YS

  • KMID: 2254308
  • Korean J Nephrol.
  • 2004 Jul;23(4):567-576.
BACKGROUND: Vascular smooth muscle cell (VSMC) proliferation plays an important role in the development and progression of chronic allograft vasculopathy as in atherosclerosis. We already reported that mycophenolic acid (MPA)...
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