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Cigarette smoke extract contributes to the inception and aggravation of asthmatic inflammation by stimulating innate immunity

Kim Y, Kim J, Mo Y, Park DE, Lee HS, Jung JW, Kang HR

Purpose: Smoking is a risk factor for the development of asthma and worsens the long-term prognosis of asthma. This study investigated the effect of cigarette smoke extract (CSE) on innate...
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Effects of Antioxidant on Oxidative Stress and Autophagy in Bronchial Epithelial Cells Exposed to Particulate Matter and Cigarette Smoke Extract

Hur J, Rhee CK, Jo YS

Background: We evaluated the effect of particulate matter (PM) and cigarette smoke extract (CSE) on bronchial epithelial cell survival, as well as oxidative stress and autophagy levels. Moreover, we aimed...
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E-cigarette use for smoking cessation and its regulatory trends worldwide

Jin Y, Kang M, Park TE

E-cigarettes were considered safe at the early stage of market entry because they were thought not to contain harmful ingredients such as nicotine and because the smoke emitted was vapor....
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Factors Associated with 6-Month Smoking Cessation in Female Smokers

Lee YI, Lee SH, Kim YJ, Lee SY, Lee JG, Yi YH, Cho YH, Tak YJ, Park EJ, Kim GR, Ra YJ, Choi JI, Lee SR, Kwon RJ, Son SM

Background: Female smokers have different characteristics from male smokers; thus, this study investigated the factors related to the success of quitting smoking among female smokers. Methods: The study sample included 1,118...
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Relationship between Health Behaviors and Metabolic Syndrome in Cancer Survivors in Korea: Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, 2013–2018

Kim N, Kim S, Choi BG, Ko YU, Park Ka

Background: This study was conducted to evaluate whether cigarette smoking and alcohol drinking were associated with metabolic syndrome in cancer survivors. Methods: Using Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES)...
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Effect of flipped learning-based smoking cessation intervention education program for nursing students in South Korea

Lee Y, Kim Y

Purpose: The goal of this study was to see how flipped learning affected nursing students in South Korea who were enrolled in a quit smoking intervention education program. The flipped...
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Interorganizational Networks for Smoking Prevention and Cessation: A Blockmodeling Approach

Park EJ, Kim H, Lee KS, Cho J, Kim JH, Jeong HJ, Lee JA

Purpose: This study examined characteristics and patterns of interorganizational networks for smoking prevention and cessation in Korea. Methods: We surveyed two community health centers, ninety-five hospitals or clinics, ninety- two...
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Korean college students’ attitudes toward a tobacco-free campus: a cross-sectional descriptive study

Sohn M, Im B, Suh M, Lee HJ

Purpose: A tobacco-free campus (TFC) is the most advanced tobacco-control policy for college campuses, but it has rarely been explored in Korea. This study aimed to explore Korean college students’...
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Factors Associated with Successful Smoking Cessation in Outpatient Smokers after the Initiation of National Smoking Cessation Support Program

Lee HJ, Kang SY, Huh Y, Sunwoo S

Background: The morbidity and mortality associated with tobacco use constitute a major health burden worldwide. International efforts are being made to legislate laws and policies for smoke-free environments and smoking...
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Comparison of Heavy Smoking and Related Risk Factors for One-Person and Multi-Person Households

Han BH, Kang Hs, Lee KM, Jung SP

Background: This study investigated associated factors of heavy smoking in one-person and multi-person households. Methods: The study participants comprised 7,984 adults aged 19 years and older who were current smokers and...
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Signal detection for adverse event of varenicline in Korea Adverse Event Reporting System

Jang MG, Gu HJ, Kim J, Shin KH

Objective: The purpose of this study was to detect signals of Adverse Events (AEs) after varenicline treatment using spontaneous AEs reporting system in Korea. Methods: This study was conducted by...
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Exposure to Secondhand Smoke and a Tobacco-Specific Carcinogen in Non-Smokers

Lee Jw, Yang W, Kim YS, Kim Y, Yoo HS, Kang HT

Background: The International Agency for Research on Cancer classifies 4-(methylnitrosamino)-1-(3-pyridyl)-1-butanol (NNAL) as a known carcinogen. This study aimed to investigate the association between exposure to secondhand smoke (SHS) and NNAL...
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Lifestyle Modification in the Management of Metabolic Syndrome: Statement From Korean Society of CardioMetabolic Syndrome (KSCMS)

Kim HL, Chung J, Kim KJ, Kim HJ, Seo WW, Jeon KH, Cho I, Park JJ, Lee MH, Suh J, Lim SY, Choi S, Kim SH

With the recent rapid increase in obesity worldwide, metabolic syndrome (MetS) has gained significant importance. MetS is a cluster of obesity-related cardiovascular risk factors including abdominal obesity, atherogenic dyslipidemia, high...
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Smoking, drinking, and physical activity among Korean adults before and during the COVID-19 pandemic: a special report of the 2020 Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey

Choi S, Bahk J, Park S, Oh K, Jung-Choi K

OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to describe trends in health behaviours between 2011 and 2020 and compare the changes in these behaviours between the 2020 COVID-19 pandemic and previous periods according...
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The association of pancreatic cancer incidence with smoking status and smoking amount in Korean men

Nam DJ, Oh CM, Ha E, Kim MH, Yang EH, Lee HC, Shin SS, Hwang WY, You AH, Ryoo JH

OBJECTIVES: Our study examined the dose-response relationship between smoking amounts (pack-years) and the risk of developing pancreatic cancer in Korean men. METHODS: Of 125,743 participants who underwent medical health checkups in...
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The relationship between poor sleep quality measured by the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index and smoking status according to sex and age: an analysis of the 2018 Korean Community Health Survey

Hwang JH, Park SW

OBJECTIVES: Multiple studies have found that cigarette smokers are more likely to experience sleep disturbances than non-smokers. This study aimed to examine various associations between smoking and sleep quality according...
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Successful Factors of Smoking Cessation for Male Workers from Small and Medium Enterprises Registered with Local Tobacco Control Center

Ryu IH, Park KS

Objectives: The aim of the study is to identify the success factors of 6 months of smoking cessation targeting male workers in small and medium-sized businesses. Methods: The subjects of this...
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The Mediating Role of Smoking and Body Mass Index on the Relationship between Alcohol Consumption and Blood Triglyceride Levels among Korean Adults: The 7th Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey

Yoo YJ

Background: Although there are many studies of association between alcohol consumption and hypertriglyceridemia with categorized variables, it is insufficient to study association between quantity of alcohol consumption and triglyceride levels...
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Recent Updates of Pharmacotherapy for Smoking Cessation

Hwang JS, Lee CM

The use of tobacco, cigarette smoking in particular, is a leading causal factor of countless deaths and disabilities worldwide. Its widespread prevalence is a major global concern and is evidenced...
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Factors Influencing Smoking Cessation Behavior in Patients with Ischemic Heart Disease Following Coronary Angiography

Kim M, Moon Y

Purpose: The purpose of this study was to elucidate the relationship between readiness to quit smoking and smoking cessation, and identify factors associated with smoking cessation in smokers with ischemic...
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