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Interpretation of Pulmonary Function Tests and Optimization of Inhalation Therapy

Lim SY, Yoon HI

Spirometry, also called office-based pulmonary function testing, is a useful tool for diagnosis and classification of lung disease. Here, we outline a simple stepwise approach for interpretation of spirometry results....
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The Effects of Simultaneous Pulmonary Rehabilitation during Thoracic Radiotherapy in the Treatment of Malignant Diseases

Choi MG, Lee HY, Song SY, Kim SS, Lee SH, Kim W, Choi CM, Lee SW

Background: Radiotherapy is a common treatment option for lung or esophageal cancer, particularly when surgery is not feasible for patients with poor lung function. However, radiotherapy can affect pulmonary function...
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Geriatric Physiology for Surgical Intensivists: Part I

Ha TS

The elderly population experiences a normal, age-related decline of physiological function in all major organ systems. The age-related changes in lung structure include decreases in chest wall compliance, respiratory muscle...
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Relationship between the Change in Body Weight or Body Mass Index and Pulmonary Function

Kim T, Woo J, Lee W, Jo S, Chun H

BACKGROUND: Obesity and deterioration of pulmonary function are known to increase all-cause mortality and morbidity associated with chronic diseases. Obesity is a known risk factor for decreasing pulmonary function; however,...
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Comparison of Multiple Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) Indices in Chinese COPD Patients

Zhang J, Miller A, Li Y, Lan Q, Zhang N, Chai Y, Hai B

BACKGROUND: Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a serious chronic condition with a global impact. Symptoms of COPD include progressive dyspnea, breathlessness, cough, and sputum production, which have a considerable...
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Prognosis of Pulmonary Function in Patients with Multiple Rib Fractures

Park HB, Hyun SY, Kim JJ, Jang YS

PURPOSE: Rib fracture is the most common complication of blunt thoracic trauma. We investigated the effect of rib fracture on pulmonary function in the conservatively treated patients. METHODS: From January 2000...
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Maximal Inspiratory Pressure and Maximal Expiratory Pressure in Healthy Korean Children

Choi WH, Shin MJ, Jang MH, Lee JS, Kim SY, Kim HY, Hong Y, Kim C, Shin YB

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate respiratory muscle strength in healthy Korean children in order to establish the criteria for normal reference values for future applications. In contrast with the other parameters for...
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Effects of Three-Week Stair Climbing Exercise for Weight Control: A Case Series Study

Choi J, Kang K, Kim JS, Oh B

This study is designed to check whether everyday-life stair climbing, which is a low-cost and readily accessible form of exercise, is effective for reducing overweight of sedentary people in various...
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Factors Affecting Recovery Time of Pulmonary Function in Hospitalized Patients With Acute Asthma Exacerbations

Kim HJ, Lee J, Kim JH, Park SY, Kwon HS, Kim TB, Moon HB, Cho YS

PURPOSE: Prolonged recovery time of pulmonary function after an asthma exacerbation is a significant burden on asthmatics, and management of these patients needs to be improved. The aim of this...
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Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis Treatment by a Korean Neurosurgeon: The Changing Role for Neurosurgeons

Hyun SJ, Kim WB, Park YS, Kim KJ, Jahng TA, Kim YJ

OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate radiographic/clinical outcomes of adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) patients treated by a Korean neurosurgeon. METHODS: Ten AIS patients were treated by a single...
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Cardiopulmonary function and scoliosis severity in idiopathic scoliosis children

Huh S, Eun LY, Kim NK, Jung JW, Choi JY, Kim HS

PURPOSE: Idiopathic scoliosis is a structural lateral curvature of the spine of unknown etiology. The relationship between degree of spine curvature and cardiopulmonary function has not yet been investigated. The...
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Prevalence of Chronic Obstructive Lung Disease in Korea Using Data from the Fifth Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey

Park H, Jung SY, Lee K, Bae WK, Lee K, Han JS, Kim S, Choo S, Jeong JM, Kim HR, Ro HJ, Jeong H

BACKGROUND: Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is the fifth leading cause of death worldwide. The awareness and treatment rate of the disease are low despite its relatively high prevalence. With...
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The association of forced expiratory volume in one second and forced expiratory flow at 50% of the vital capacity, peak expiratory flow parameters, and blood eosinophil counts in exercise-induced bronchospasm in children with mild asthma

Akar HH, Tahan F, Gungor HE

BACKGROUND: Exercise-induced bronchoconstriction (EIB), which describes acute airway narrowing that occurs as a result of exercise, is associated with eosinophilic airway inflammation, bronchial hyperresponsiveness. The forced expiratory volume in one...
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Effect of Inhaled Tiotropium on Spirometric Parameters in Patients with Tuberculous Destroyed Lung

Yum HK, Park IN

BACKGROUND: In Korea, patients with destroyed lung due to tuberculosis (TB) account for a significant portion of those affected by chronic pulmonary function impairment. The objective of our research was...
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Ultrasonographic Diaphragmatic Motion Analysis and Its Correlation With Pulmonary Function in Hemiplegic Stroke Patients

Jung KJ, Park JY, Hwang DW, Kim JH, Kim JH

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate diaphragmatic motion via M-mode ultrasonography and to correlate it with pulmonary function in stroke patients. METHODS: This was a preliminary study comprised of ten stroke patients and sixteen...
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Spinal Mobility, Vertebral Squaring, Pulmonary Function, Pain, Fatigue, and Quality of Life in Patients With Ankylosing Spondylitis

Cho H, Kim T, Kim TH, Lee S, Lee KH

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the relationships between spinal mobility, pulmonary function, structural change of the spine, pain, fatigue, and quality of life (QOL) in patients with ankylosing spondylitis (AS). METHODS: Thirty-six patients...
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Relation of Pulmonary Function Impairment and Coronary Artery Calcification by Multi-detector Computed Tomography in Group Exposed to Inorganic Dusts

Lee WJ, Shin JH, Park SY

  • KMID: 2320251
  • Tuberc Respir Dis.
  • 2013 Feb;74(2):56-62.
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the relationship of pulmonary function impairment (PFI) and coronary artery calcification (CAC) by multi-detector computed tomography (MDCT), and the effect of...
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The Effect of Body Composition on Pulmonary Function

Park JE, Chung JH, Lee KH, Shin KC

  • KMID: 2319817
  • Tuberc Respir Dis.
  • 2012 May;72(5):433-440.
BACKGROUND: The pulmonary function test is the most basic test method to diagnosis lung disease. The purpose of this study was to research the correlation of the body mass index...
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Emphysema Quantification Using Low Dose Chest CT: Changes in Follow-Up Examinations of Asymptomatic Smokers

Jang EH, Sun JS, Kang DK, Park KJ, Park KJ

PURPOSE: To evaluate the changes of emphysema quantification in a follow-up low dose CT compared with pulmonary function test (PFT) results in asymptomatic smokers. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We selected 66 asymptomatic...
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Quantification of Emphysema with a Three-Dimensional Chest CT Scan: Correlation with the Visual Emphysema Scoring on Chest CT, Pulmonary Function Tests and Dyspnea Severity

Park HJ, Hwang JH

  • KMID: 2322621
  • J Korean Soc Radiol.
  • 2011 Sep;65(3):247-256.
PURPOSE: We wanted to prospectively evaluate the correlation between the quantification of emphysema using 3D CT densitometry with the visual emphysema score, pulmonary function tests (PFT) and the dyspnea score...
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