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Alcohol Drinking, Smoking, and Diabetes

Jung W

Many patients with diabetes continue smoking and high-risk drinking during diabetes treatment. Some patients try and fail to stop alcohol drinking and smoking because of the addictive and habitual effects....
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Autophagy May Mediate Cellular Senescence by Nicotine Stimulation in Gingival Fibroblasts

Jun NR, Jang JH, Lee JY, Lee SI

Background: When cells are damaged by nicotine, cellular senescence due to oxidative stress accelerates. In addition, stress-induced inflammatory response and cellular senescence cause the accumulation of damaged organelles in cells,...
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Comparison of Tobacco Use and Cessation Behavior between Conventional Cigarette and Heated Tobacco Product Users: Based on the Analyses of the Eighth Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2019

Yu H, Lee CM

Background: After the advent of heated tobacco products (HTPs) in 2017, domestic cigarette sales declined until 2019, but have increased in South Korea since 2020. This study aimed to analyze...
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E-cigarette use for smoking cessation and its regulatory trends worldwide

Jin Y, Kang M, Park TE

E-cigarettes were considered safe at the early stage of market entry because they were thought not to contain harmful ingredients such as nicotine and because the smoke emitted was vapor....
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Recent Updates of Pharmacotherapy for Smoking Cessation

Hwang JS, Lee CM

The use of tobacco, cigarette smoking in particular, is a leading causal factor of countless deaths and disabilities worldwide. Its widespread prevalence is a major global concern and is evidenced...
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Nicotine exacerbates tacrolimus-induced renal injury by programmed cell death

Jiang YJ, Cui S, Luo K, Ding J, Nan QY, Piao SG, Xuan MY, Zheng HL, Jin YJ, Jin JZ, Lee JP, Chung BH, Choi BS, Yang CW, Li C

Background/Aims: Cigarette smoking is an important modifiable risk factor in kidney disease progression. However, the underlying mechanisms for this are lacking. This study aimed to assess whether nicotine (NIC), a...
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A Comparison of the Factor Analysis on Smoking Cessation Success between Inpatient Smoking Cessation Program and Residential Smoking Cessation Program

Lee GH, Lee KM, Jung SP

Background: Since 2015, Smoking cessation program have been provided by the local smoking cessation support center in Korea. This program consisted of a 5-days of residential smoking cessation program and...
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Effect of nicotine on orthodontic tooth movement and bone remodeling in rats

Lee SH, Cha JY, Choi SH, Kim Bi, Cha JK, Hwang CJ

Objective: To quantitatively analyze the effect of nicotine on orthodontic tooth movement (OTM) and bone remodeling in rats using micro-computed tomography and tartrate-resistant acid phosphatase immunostaining. Methods: Thirty-nine adult male...
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Associations between Cigarette and Electronic Cigarette Use and Sleep Health in Korean Adolescents: An Analysis of the 14th (2018) Korea Youth Risk Behavior Surveys

Lee BG, Lee H

Purpose: This study aimed to understand the relationship between cigarette and electronic cigarette (e-cigarette) use and sleep health among Korean adolescents. Methods: Using the 14th Korea Youth Risk Behavior Survey,...
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The amelioration of nicotine-induced reproductive impairment in male mouse by Sambucus ebulus L. fruit extract

Mohammadghasemi F, Khanaki K, Moravati H, Faghani M

Nicotine as a toxic agent in cigarette smoke impairs the reproductive system. Sambucus ebulus extract (SEE) is shown to have some beneficial effects such as antioxidant properties. The aim of...
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Nicotine Dependence Evaluated by Urinary Cotinine and Heaviness of Smoking Index among Smokers, Vapers, and Dual Users: A Cross-Sectional Study Using the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey Data

Hwang JS, Lee CM, Lee K, Kim CY

Background: Many people use both combustible cigarette (CC) and electronic cigarette (EC). We compared nicotine dependence among CC, EC, and dual users using questionnaires and urinary cotinine levels. Methods: Data from...
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Nicotine Dependence and Stress Susceptibility in E-Cigarette Smokers: The Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2013–2017

Kim JY, Kang HS, Jung JW, Jung SY, Park HJ, Park JS, Park JH, Lee SH, Chun EM, Park DI, Park J, Choi HS, on behalf of the Korean Smoking Cessation Study Group

Background: E-cigarettes are steadily gaining popularity in Korea. However, the characteristics of e-cigarette smokers, especially nicotine dependence and stress susceptibility, have not been evaluated in comparison to those of nonsmokers...
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Nicotine impact on rat substantia nigra compacta

Elgayar SAM, Hussein OA, Mubarak HA, Ismaiel AM, Gomaa AM

Nicotine neuronal interactions exert an adverse potential in some brain regions and a significant link has been established between tobacco smoke/nicotine and vascular impairment. This work addresses nicotine impact on...
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Update on pharmacotherapy for smoking cessation

Choi HS, Kim JY

Cigarette smoking is the leading preventable cause of death, and smoking cessation is the only way to reduce the risk of developing and dying from smoking-related diseases. The binding of...
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Patterns and predictors of smoking relapse among inpatient smoking intervention participants: a 1-year follow-up study in Korea

Lee SE, Kim CW, Im HB, Jang M

OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to identify relapse patterns in smokers who participated in an inpatient treatment program and to investigate factors related to relapse. METHODS: The participants comprised 463 smokers who...
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Does the systemic administration of L-arginine affect dental implant stability in nicotine consumer dogs?

Movahedian B, Rismanchian M, Navaei H, Tavanafar S, Koushaei S

Background: Nicotine can have detrimental effects on dental implant osseointegration. This study aimed to evaluate the influence of systemic L-arginine supplement on the osseointegration of dental implants in nicotine consumer...
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Acute Nicotine Poisoning due to Electronic Cigarette Liquid: Systematic Review of Case Reports

Yang SY, Choa MH, You JS, Chung HS, Chung SP

Purpose: Acute nicotine poisoning by liquid nicotine in electronic cigarettes is becoming an increasing problem worldwide. The current systematic review aimed to determine the harm of acute nicotine poisoning by...
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Studies on inhibition of gingival fibroblast proliferation by nicotine concentration

Han KU, Lee CH, Lee JH, Jeon YM, Yoo HJ

Objectives: To investigate the effect of nicotine on the healing of an oral cavity wound, high and low concentrations of nicotine were administered on human gingival fibroblasts. Methods: Nicotine at concentrations...
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The Association between Depressive Mood and Conventional and Electronic Cigarette Dual Use in Adult Male: Using Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey

Lee JH, Lee ES

Background: Depression is well known to be associated with nicotine dependence. Recent studies reported higher depressive score is associated with use of e-cigarettes, however, little study showed the association between...
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Nicotine dependence and the International Association for the Study of Pain neuropathic pain grade in patients with chronic low back pain and radicular pain: is there an association?

Schembri E, Massalha V, Spiteri K, Camilleri L, Lungaro-Mifsud S

Background: This study investigated whether current smoking and a higher nicotine dependency were associated with chronic low back pain (LBP), lumbar related leg pain (sciatica) and/or radicular neuropathic pain. Methods: A...
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