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Effects of isorhamnetin on the regulation of mitochondrial function in C2C12 muscle cells

Lee MS, Kim Y

Purpose: Muscle mitochondria play a key role in regulating fatty acid and glucose metabolism. Dysfunction of muscle mitochondria is associated with metabolic diseases such as obesity and type 2 diabetes....
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Phosphorylation in Novel Mitochondrial Creatine Kinase Tyrosine Residues Render Cardioprotection against Hypoxia/Reoxygenation Injury

Park N, Marquez J, Garcia MVF, Shimizu I, Lee SR, Kim HK, Han J

Objective: Ischemic cardiomyopathy (ICM) is the leading cause of heart failure. Proteomic and genomic studies have demonstrated ischemic preconditioning (IPC) can assert cardioprotection against ICM through mitochondrial function regulation. Considering...
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Mitochondrial Genome of Spirometra theileri Compared with Other Spirometra Species

Ndosi BA, Park H, Lee D, Choe S, Kang Y, Nath TC, Bia MM, Eamudomkarn C, Jeon HK, Eom KS

This study was carried out to provide information on the taxonomic classification and analysis of mitochondrial genomes of Spirometra theileri. One strobila of S. theileri was collected from the intestine...
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Effects of Exercise and a High-Fat, High-Sucrose Restriction Diet on Metabolic Indicators, Nr4a3, and Mitochondria-Associated Protein Expression in the Gastrocnemius Muscles of Mice with Diet-Induced Obesity

Lee JH, Zhang D, Kwak SE, Shin HE, Song W

Background: Exercise and high fat, high sucrose restriction diets are well known treatments for obesity. The aim of this study was to measure the effects of those lifestyle interventions on...
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L-carnitine treatment attenuates renal tubulointerstitial fibrosis induced by unilateral ureteral obstruction

Zhao HY, Li HY, Jin J, Jin JZ, Zhang LY, Xuan MY, Jin XM, Jiang YJ, Zheng HL, Jin YS, Jin YJ, Choi BS, Yang CW, Piao SG, Li C

Background/Aims: Accumulating evidence indicates that L-carnitine (LC) protects against multiorgan damage through its antioxidant properties and preservation of the mitochondria. Little information is available about the effects of LC on...
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Umbilical Cord-Mesenchymal Stem Cell-Conditioned Medium Improves Insulin Resistance in C2C12 Cell

Kim KS, Choi YK, Kim MJ, Hwang JW, Min K, Jung SY, Kim SK, Choi YS, Cho YW

Background Umbilical cord-mesenchymal stem cell-conditioned medium (UC-MSC-CM) has emerged as a promising cell-free therapy. The aim of this study was to explore the therapeutic effects of UC-MSC-CM on insulin resistance in...
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Nobiletin Exhibits Neuroprotective Effects against Mitochondrial Complex I Inhibition via Regulating Apoptotic Signaling

Amarsanaa K, Kim HJ, Ko EA, Jo J, Jung SC

Nobiletin, a polymethoxylated flavonoid found in citrus, has been studied because of its modulatory functions in cellular signaling cascades, and effects to prevent mitochondrial calcium overload and neuronal cell death....
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Cellular and Intercellular Homeostasis in Adipose Tissue with Mitochondria-Specific Stress

Choi MJ, Jung SB, Chang JY, Shong M

Paracrine interactions are imperative for the maintenance of adipose tissue intercellular homeostasis, and intracellular organelle dysfunction results in local and systemic alterations in metabolic homeostasis. It is currently accepted that...
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Screening of A1555G mDNA Variant Using U-TOP™HL Genotyping Kit in Korean Family with Progressive Hearing Loss

Ahn JH, Byun KH, Jung BK, Lee MY

Recently, real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR) using the U-TOP™HL Genotyping Kit has been introduced to detect genetic hearing loss caused by certain type of gene variants popularly found in Korea....
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Azidothymidine Downregulates Insulin-Like Growth Factor-1 Induced Lipogenesis by Suppressing Mitochondrial Biogenesis and Mitophagy in Immortalized Human Sebocytes

Yoo JG, Li XM, Lee JK, Park S, Hong D, Jung KE, Lee Y, Seo YJ, Kim CD, Shin JM, Choi CW

Background: Increased sebum secretion is considered the main causative factor in the pathogenesis of acne. There is an unmet pharmacological need for a novel drug that can control sebum production...
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Macrophage and Adipocyte Mitochondrial Dysfunction in Obesity-Induced Metabolic Diseases

Wang L, Hu J, Zhou H

Obesity is one of major health burdens of modern society as it contributes to the growing prevalence of its related comorbidities, such as diabetes, cardiovascular diseases, and some cancers. A...
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Mitochondrial Fatty Acid Oxidation Disorders: Laboratory Diagnosis, Pathogenesis, and the Complicated Route to Treatment

Wanders RJ, Visser G, Ferdinandusse S, Vaz FM, Houtkooper RH

Mitochondrial fatty acid (FA) oxidation deficiencies represent a genetically heterogeneous group of diseases in humans caused by defects in mitochondrial FA beta-oxidation (mFAO). A general characteristic of all mFAO disorders is...
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Effect of Cyclosporine A-induced Senescence on Cultured Human Corneal Endothelial Cells

Jang YK, Chung TY, Shin YJ

Purpose: To investigate the in vitro effect of cyclosporine A (CsA)-induced senescence on human corneal endothelial cells (HCECs). Methods: HCECs were cultured and incubated with 0-100 µM CsA. Senescence-associated β–galactosidase (SA-β-gal)...
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Mitochondrial dysfunction in kidney injury, inflammation, and disease: potential therapeutic approaches

Bhatia D, Capili A, Choi ME

Mitochondria are energy-producing organelles that not only satisfy the high metabolic demands of the kidney but sense and respond to kidney injury-induced oxidative stress and inflammation. Kidneys are rich in...
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Beneficial Effect of Chloroquine and Amodiaquine on Type 1 Diabetic Tubulopathy by Attenuating Mitochondrial Nox4 and Endoplasmic Reticulum Stress

Kang JM, Lee HS, Kim J, Yang DH, Jeong HY, Lee YH, Kim DJ, Park SH, Sung M, Kim J, An HJ, Lee SH, Lee SY

Background: Oxidative stress induced by chronic hyperglycemia is recognized as a significant mechanistic contributor to the development of diabetic kidney disease (DKD). Nonphagocytic nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate oxidase 4 (Nox4) is...
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Inhibition of Ceramide Accumulation in Podocytes by Myriocin Prevents Diabetic Nephropathy

Woo CY, Baek JY, Kim AR, Hong CH, Yoon JE, Kim HS, Yoo HJ, Park TS, Kc R, Lee KU, Koh EH

BackgroundCeramides are associated with metabolic complications including diabetic nephropathy in patients with diabetes. Recent studies have reported that podocytes play a pivotal role in the progression of diabetic nephropathy. Also,...
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Altered Mitochondrial Functions and Morphologies in Epithelial Cells Are Associated With Pathogenesis of Chronic Rhinosinusitis With Nasal Polyps

Yoon YH, Yeon SH, Choi MR, Jang YS, Kim JA, Oh HW, Jun X, Park SK, Heo JY, Rha KS, Kim YM

Purpose: Chronic rhinosinusitis with nasal polyps (CRSwNP) is a complex inflammatory disease of the nasal and paranasal sinus mucosa. The disease is associated with mitochondrial dysfunction, structural changes in the...
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Mitochondria disease due to humidifier disinfectants: diagnostic criteria and its evidences

Leem JH, Kim HC

Humidifier disinfectant damages caused by the misuse of humidifier disinfects, such as polyhexamethylene guanidine (PHMG), resulted in chemical disasters in South Korea in 2011. About four million people were exposed...
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The Role of Growth Differentiation Factor 15 in Energy Metabolism

Chang JY, Hong HJ, Kang SG, Kim JT, Zhang BY, Shong M

Growth differentiation factor 15 (GDF15) is receiving great interest beyond its role as an aging and disease-related biomarker. Recent discovery of its receptor, glial cell line-derived neurotrophic factor (GDNF) family...
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Sepsis-induced cardiac dysfunction: a review of pathophysiology

Habimana R, Choi I, Cho HJ, Kim D, Lee K, Jeong I

It is well known that cardiac dysfunction in sepsis is associated with significantly increased mortality. The pathophysiology of sepsis-induced cardiac dysfunction can be summarized as involving impaired myocardial circulation, direct...
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